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Article

Plasma-like Description for Elementary and Composite Quantum Particles

LTASolid Inc., Houston, TX 77042, USA
Academic Editors: Andrei Khrennikov, Karl Svozil and Rosario Lo Franco
Entropy 2022, 24(2), 261; https://doi.org/10.3390/e24020261
Received: 29 November 2021 / Revised: 12 January 2022 / Accepted: 7 February 2022 / Published: 10 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Probability and Randomness III)
Schrödinger noticed in 1952 that a scalar complex wave function can be made real by a gauge transformation. The author showed recently that one real function is also enough to describe matter in the Dirac equation in an arbitrary electromagnetic or Yang–Mills field. This suggests some “symmetry” between positive and negative frequencies and, therefore, particles and antiparticles, so the author previously considered a description of one-particle wave functions as plasma-like collections of a large number of particles and antiparticles. The description has some similarities with Bohmian mechanics. This work offers a criterion for approximation of continuous charge density distributions by discrete ones with quantized charge based on the equality of partial Fourier sums, and an example of such approximation is computed using the homotopy continuation method. An example mathematical model of the description is proposed. The description is also extended to composite particles, such as nucleons or large molecules, regarded as collections including a composite particle and a large number of pairs of elementary particles and antiparticles. While it is not clear if this is a correct description of the reality, it can become a basis of an interesting model or useful picture of quantum mechanics. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum; plasma; antiparticle; homotopy continuation quantum; plasma; antiparticle; homotopy continuation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Akhmeteli, A. Plasma-like Description for Elementary and Composite Quantum Particles. Entropy 2022, 24, 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24020261

AMA Style

Akhmeteli A. Plasma-like Description for Elementary and Composite Quantum Particles. Entropy. 2022; 24(2):261. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24020261

Chicago/Turabian Style

Akhmeteli, Andrey. 2022. "Plasma-like Description for Elementary and Composite Quantum Particles" Entropy 24, no. 2: 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24020261

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