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Article

Biophotons and Emergence of Quantum Coherence—A Diffusion Entropy Analysis

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Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Via E. Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati, Italy
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Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133 Roma, Italy
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Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Via del Politecnico, 00133 Roma, Italy
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Istituto La Torre, Via M. Ponzio 10, 10141 Torino, Italy
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Department of Biology, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
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Center for Nonlinear Science, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203-5017, USA
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Donald J. Jacobs, Osvaldo Anibal Rosso and Josue Antonio Nescolarde Selva
Entropy 2021, 23(5), 554; https://doi.org/10.3390/e23050554
Received: 20 February 2021 / Revised: 27 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 29 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Memory and Criticality)
We study the emission of photons from germinating seeds using an experimental technique designed to detect light of extremely small intensity. We analyze the dark count signal without germinating seeds as well as the photon emission during the germination process. The technique of analysis adopted here, called diffusion entropy analysis (DEA) and originally designed to measure the temporal complexity of astrophysical, sociological and physiological processes, rests on Kolmogorov complexity. The updated version of DEA used in this paper is designed to determine if the signal complexity is generated either by non-ergodic crucial events with a non-stationary correlation function or by the infinite memory of a stationary but non-integrable correlation function or by a mixture of both processes. We find that dark count yields the ordinary scaling, thereby showing that no complexity of either kinds may occur without any seeds in the chamber. In the presence of seeds in the chamber anomalous scaling emerges, reminiscent of that found in neuro-physiological processes. However, this is a mixture of both processes and with the progress of germination the non-ergodic component tends to vanish and complexity becomes dominated by the stationary infinite memory. We illustrate some conjectures ranging from stress induced annihilation of crucial events to the emergence of quantum coherence. View Full-Text
Keywords: biophotons; diffusion entropy analysis; complexity; cognition biophotons; diffusion entropy analysis; complexity; cognition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Benfatto, M.; Pace, E.; Curceanu, C.; Scordo, A.; Clozza, A.; Davoli, I.; Lucci, M.; Francini, R.; De Matteis, F.; Grandi, M.; Tuladhar, R.; Grigolini, P. Biophotons and Emergence of Quantum Coherence—A Diffusion Entropy Analysis. Entropy 2021, 23, 554. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23050554

AMA Style

Benfatto M, Pace E, Curceanu C, Scordo A, Clozza A, Davoli I, Lucci M, Francini R, De Matteis F, Grandi M, Tuladhar R, Grigolini P. Biophotons and Emergence of Quantum Coherence—A Diffusion Entropy Analysis. Entropy. 2021; 23(5):554. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23050554

Chicago/Turabian Style

Benfatto, Maurizio, Elisabetta Pace, Catalina Curceanu, Alessandro Scordo, Alberto Clozza, Ivan Davoli, Massimiliano Lucci, Roberto Francini, Fabio De Matteis, Maurizio Grandi, Rohisha Tuladhar, and Paolo Grigolini. 2021. "Biophotons and Emergence of Quantum Coherence—A Diffusion Entropy Analysis" Entropy 23, no. 5: 554. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23050554

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