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Open AccessArticle

Electro-Osmotic Behavior of Polymeric Cation-Exchange Membranes in Ethanol-Water Solutions

Department of Structure of Matter, Thermal Physics and Electronics, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Entropy 2020, 22(6), 692; https://doi.org/10.3390/e22060692
Received: 31 May 2020 / Revised: 17 June 2020 / Accepted: 19 June 2020 / Published: 20 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermodynamics of Materials)
The aim of this work is to apply linear non-equilibrium thermodynamics to study the electrokinetic properties of three cation-exchange membranes of different structures in ethanol-water electrolyte solutions. To this end, liquid uptake and electro-osmotic permeability were estimated with potassium chloride ethanol-water solutions with different ethanol proportions as solvent. Current–voltage curves were also measured for each membrane system to estimate the energy dissipation due to the Joule effect. Considering the Onsager reciprocity relations, the streaming potential coefficient was discussed in terms of ethanol content of the solutions and the membrane structure. The results showed that more porous heterogeneous membrane presented lower values of liquid uptake and streaming potential coefficient with increasing ethanol content. Denser homogeneous membrane showed higher values for both, solvent uptake and streaming coefficient for intermediate content of ethanol. View Full-Text
Keywords: cation-exchange membrane; electro-osmotic permeability; streaming potential; ethanol; Onsager reciprocity relations cation-exchange membrane; electro-osmotic permeability; streaming potential; ethanol; Onsager reciprocity relations
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Barragán, V.M.; Villaluenga, J.P.G.; Morales-Villarejo, V.; Izquierdo-Gil, M.A. Electro-Osmotic Behavior of Polymeric Cation-Exchange Membranes in Ethanol-Water Solutions. Entropy 2020, 22, 692.

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