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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Chemical Species and Nonlinear Thermal Radiation with 3D Maxwell Nanofluid Flow with Double Stratification—An Analytical Solution

1
Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 758307, Vietnam
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Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City 758307, Vietnam
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Department of Computer Science, Bahria University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 143-747, Korea
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Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Beirut Arab University, Beirut 115020, Lebanon
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Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Asan 31538, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2020, 22(4), 453; https://doi.org/10.3390/e22040453
Received: 23 March 2020 / Revised: 13 April 2020 / Accepted: 15 April 2020 / Published: 16 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy Generation and Heat Transfer II)
This article elucidates the magnetohydrodynamic 3D Maxwell nanofluid flow with heat absorption/generation effects. The impact of the nonlinear thermal radiation with a chemical reaction is also an added feature of the presented model. The phenomenon of flow is supported by thermal and concentration stratified boundary conditions. The boundary layer set of non-linear PDEs (partial differential equation) are converted into ODEs (ordinary differential equation) with high nonlinearity via suitable transformations. The homotopy analysis technique is engaged to regulate the mathematical analysis. The obtained results for concentration, temperature and velocity profiles are analyzed graphically for various admissible parameters. A comparative statement with an already published article in limiting case is also added to corroborate our presented model. An excellent harmony in this regard is obtained. The impact of the Nusselt number for distinct parameters is also explored and discussed. It is found that the impacts of Brownian motion on the concentration and temperature distributions are opposite. It is also comprehended that the thermally stratified parameter decreases the fluid temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: Maxwell nanofluid; chemical reaction; double stratification; nonlinear thermal radiation Maxwell nanofluid; chemical reaction; double stratification; nonlinear thermal radiation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tlili, I.; Naseer, S.; Ramzan, M.; Kadry, S.; Nam, Y. Effects of Chemical Species and Nonlinear Thermal Radiation with 3D Maxwell Nanofluid Flow with Double Stratification—An Analytical Solution. Entropy 2020, 22, 453.

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