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Analysis of Multifractal and Organization/Order Structure in Suomi-NPP VIIRS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Series of Wildfire Affected and Unaffected Sites by Using the Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis and the Fisher–Shannon Analysis

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State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Jinzhai 96, Hefei 230026, China
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Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
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Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione dell’ Ambiente di Basilicata (ARPAB), 85100 Potenza, Italy
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Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analisi Ambientale, 85050 Tito (PZ), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2020, 22(4), 415; https://doi.org/10.3390/e22040415
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 April 2020 / Published: 7 April 2020
The analysis of vegetation dynamics affected by wildfires contributes to the understanding of ecological changes under disturbances. The use of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) of satellite time series can effectively contribute to this investigation. In this paper, we employed the methods of multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA) and Fisher–Shannon (FS) analysis to investigate the NDVI series acquired from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) of the Suomi National Polar-Orbiting Partnership (Suomi-NPP). Four study sites that were covered by two different types of vegetation were analyzed, among them two sites were affected by a wildfire (the Camp Fire, 2018). Our findings reveal that the wildfire increases the heterogeneity of the NDVI time series along with their organization structure. Furthermore, the fire-affected and fire-unaffected pixels are quite well separated through the range of the generalized Hurst exponents and the FS information plane. The analysis could provide deeper insights on the temporal dynamics of vegetation that are induced by wildfire. View Full-Text
Keywords: satellite time series; VIIRS; NDVI; wildfires; multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis; Fisher–Shannon analysis satellite time series; VIIRS; NDVI; wildfires; multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis; Fisher–Shannon analysis
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Ba, R.; Song, W.; Lovallo, M.; Lo, S.; Telesca, L. Analysis of Multifractal and Organization/Order Structure in Suomi-NPP VIIRS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Series of Wildfire Affected and Unaffected Sites by Using the Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis and the Fisher–Shannon Analysis. Entropy 2020, 22, 415.

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