# The Self-Simulation Hypothesis Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

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## Abstract

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## 1. Introduction and Background

Erwin Schrödinger: Consciousness cannot be accounted for in physical terms. For consciousness is absolutely fundamental.[40]

Arthur Eddington: The stuff of the world is mind stuff.[41]

J. B. S. Haldane: We do not find obvious evidence of life or mind in so-called inert matter...; but if the scientific point of view is correct, we shall ultimately find them, at least in rudimentary form, all through the universe.[42]

Julian Huxley: Mind or something of the nature as mind must exist throughout the entire universe. This is, I believe, the truth.[43]

Freeman Dyson: [M]ind is already inherent in every electron, and the processes of human consciousness differ only in degree and not in kind from the processes of choice between quantum states which we call “chance” when they are made by electrons.[44]

David Bohm: It is implied that, in some sense, a rudimentary consciousness is present even at the level of particle physics.[45]

Werner Heisenberg: Was [is] it utterly absurd to seek behind the ordering structures of this world a “consciousness” whose “intentions” were these very structures?[46]

Andrei Linde: Will it not turn out, with the further development of science, that the study of the universe and the study of consciousness will be inseparably linked, and that ultimate progress in the one will be impossible without progress in the other?[47]

John Bell: What is much more likely is that the new way of seeing things will involve an imaginative leap that will astonish us.[48]

Frank Wilczek: The relevant literature [on the meaning of quantum theory] is famously contentious and obscure. I believe it will remain so until someone constructs, within the formalism of quantum mechanics, an “observer”; that is, a model entity whose states correspond to a recognizable caricature of conscious awareness.[49]

#### Definitions

**Strange Loop**: A hierarchical structure that is wrapped back upon itself, where the simplest object is embedded in the whole or the most complex emergent part and where all parts depend upon all others and where the emergent whole is dependant upon the synergy of parts.

**Thought**: The process and result of choosing or creating meaning, where “meaning” is always a relationship.

**Meaning**: A relationship between two or more objects recognized or created by an entity capable of doing so. For example, if we think of the compound self-referential symbol of a square, we may recognize the relationship between two vertices as a meaning. However, if we think of the symbol of a heart, we may create, via relationship, the symbolic meaning of love, as opposed to recognizing some inherent self-referential meaning implied in the symbol of the heart. An entity capable of deciding that this is like that or this is like this is an entity capable of generating meaning, i.e., thought. Meaning can be recognition of inherent relationships or the creation or assignment of arbitrary ones.

**Object/Symbol**: Defined as in set theory, an object is anything that can be thought of. All objects are symbols because all thoughts are symbolic, i.e., have meaning.

**Symbolism**: A case where an entity capable of perceiving meaning relates or equates one object with another object—a relationship within thought, where X = anything; either itself or something else.

**Self-referential Symbolism**: A special case of symbolism, where an object represents or relates to itself; “this means this” or X = X. For example, one can use a square to self-referentially symbolize a square or its body diagonal to represent the number $\sqrt{2}$ or the quantity of vertices of a square to represent the quantity 4.

**Non-self-referential Symbolism**: A special case of symbolism, where an object represents or relates to something other than itself; “this means that” or $X=\mathrm{anything}\text{}\mathrm{other}\text{}\mathrm{than}\text{}X$.

**Mind/Conscious Entity/Consciousness**: A system capable of choosing to perceive and create meaning. For example, if one were to feed all thoughts or meaning into your mind, at the expense of you being able to choose your own thoughts, you would be a clone or mirror of their consciousness. According to our definition, the discretion to choose what to be aware of or what to think cannot be disassociated from the term consciousness.

**Information**: Symbolic meaning, which implies thought. Put differently, all thoughts can be reduced to symbolism in the mind of an entity capable of actualizing information. While this is a different notion than quantum information, our mathematical program (beyond the scope of this paper) is to find code theoretic simulations that lead to the emergence of quantum information.

**Emergent Physical Thought (EP)**: Information as self-referential symbolic thought (number and shape) that forms the basis of physical reality; spacetime and particles.

**Emergent Consciousness Thought (EC)**: Information as non-self-referential symbolic thought, such as freewill decision to observe, the sense of self, humor, etc. that forms the basis of consciousness reality emergent from physical reality in the strange loop.

**Code/Language**: A finite set of symbols with relational or ordering rules that include syntactical freedom. Codes may be used by entities capable of strategically exercising syntactical choices for the purpose of expressing meaning.

**Freewill/Choice**: A non-random and non-deterministic action or state that ontologically exists and that is a member of a set containing at least one other such possibility that does not ontologically exist because it has not been actioned, recognized, observed, thought, chosen, or any other suitable term that separates the subset from the super-set. Freewill or choice may be significantly influenced by other things/thoughts but not fully controlled. In order for the choice to be non-random and non-deterministic, there must be reason, strategy, whim, theory, or some other process of thought. Put differently, if the action occurs due to thoughts, it is by definition non-random and non-deterministic. It is sometimes suggested that freewill is an illusion and that everything is deterministic or that everything is a combination of determinism or randomness. While possible, it is far-fetched when one considers, for example, the idea that an Emily Dickson poem was a result of such a deterministic process combined with randomness, an accidental process. While reductio ad absurdum proofs are not strong, they can be instructive for choosing the lesser of evils when no good proof is available.

**Measure/Observe**: The choosing of symbolic meaning. For example, you observe an experiment and creatively generate, i.e., choose, meaning in your mind about the experience, which includes influence or interaction. The choice may be conscious or subconscious.

## 2. The Self-Simulation Hypothesis

#### 2.1. Axioms and Principle of Efficient Language

- Reality, as a strange loop, is a code-based self-simulation in the mind of a panpsychic universal consciousness that emerges from itself via the information of code-based mathematical thought or self-referential symbolism plus emergent non-self-referential thought. Accordingly, reality is made of information called thought.
- Non-local spacetime and particles are secondary or emergent from this code, which is itself a pre-spacetime thought within a self-emergent mind.
- The panconsciousness has freewill to choose the code and make syntactical choices. Emergent lower levels of consciousness also make choices through observation that influence the code syntax choices of the panconsciousness.
- The desire or decision of the panconscious reality is to generate as much meaning or information as possible for a minimal number of primitive thoughts, i.e., syntactical choices, which are mathematical operations at the pre-spacetime code level.

#### 2.2. Information

- Self-referential symbolism that is part of a mathematical spacetime and particle code based on the thought of number and geometric symbols or pixels of spacetime information (the case of $X=X$)
- Non-self-referential symbolism ($X=\mathit{anything}\text{}\mathit{other}\text{}\mathit{than}\text{}X$, such as the thought of humor, love or a decision of purpose to observe/measure a physical system)

- The unreal potential information as thought that could exist.
- The information actualized by thought (by observers including the panconsciousness substrate) selected from the possibility space of nonexistent potential information.

#### 2.3. Nonlocality of the Self-Simulation

- They are both mutually dependent upon one another for their origin and existence. They each interact with one another.
- They are both made of pure symbolic information in a language-theoretic informational paradigm, where relationships between two or more symbols of meaning at one stratum form synergistic meaning, and therefore higher-order symbols of meaning that form a new higher-order symbolic stratum.

## 3. Informational Arrow of Time Based on Measurement

#### A Free Energy Principle from the PEL

## 4. Unification of Emergentism and Panpsychism

## 5. Spiritualism

Spiritualism, in philosophy, a characteristic of any system of thought that affirms the existence of immaterial reality imperceptible to the senses. So defined, spiritualism embraces a vast array of highly diversified philosophical views.Furthermore:Less obviously, it includes belief in such ideas as finite cosmic forces or a universal mind, provided that they transcend the limits of gross Materialistic interpretation. Spiritualism as such says nothing about matter, the nature of a supreme being or a universal force, or the precise nature of spiritual reality itself.

## 6. Conclusions

## Author Contributions

## Funding

## Acknowledgments

## Conflicts of Interest

## Abbreviations

QM | Quantum Mechanics |

EP | Emergent Physical Thought |

EC | Emergent Consciousness Thought |

SSH | Self-Simulation Hypothesis |

PEL | Principle of Efficient Language |

Orch-OR | Orchestrated Objective Reduction |

IIT | Integrated Information Theory |

CRISPR | Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats |

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**Figure 1.**Self-Simulated Universe: Humans are near the point of demarcation, where $EC$ or thinking matter emerges into the choice-sphere of the infinite set of possibilities of thought, $E{C}_{\infty}$. Beyond the human level, physics allows for larger and more powerful networks that are also conscious. At some stage of the simulation run, a conscious $EC$ system emerges that is capable of acting as the substrate for the primitive spacetime code, its initial conditions, as mathematical thought, and simulation run, as a thought, to self-actualize itself. Linear time would not permit this logic, but non-linear time does. Furthermore, rejecting the conjecture of time and seeing it as an illusionary aspect of our perception permits it. This model may be more scientifically satisfying than the materialist statement, “Mass, energy and spacetime just are without explanation”. Here, we may ask: “Where does the mind-like universal substrate of self-simulation thought come from?” We get a scientifically satisfying answer or at least a logically consistent one. It emerges, just as human consciousness did from simpler thoughts. Even without knowing exactly how, we need not accept that it just magically appeared. We can ask: “Where did the Planck scale information theoretic $EP$ building blocks come from and where do they live?” In our view, they are information in a simulation run in the mind of the emergent panconscious universe—the self-emergent substrate as a strange loop.

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Irwin, K.; Amaral, M.; Chester, D.
The Self-Simulation Hypothesis Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. *Entropy* **2020**, *22*, 247.
https://doi.org/10.3390/e22020247

**AMA Style**

Irwin K, Amaral M, Chester D.
The Self-Simulation Hypothesis Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. *Entropy*. 2020; 22(2):247.
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Irwin, Klee, Marcelo Amaral, and David Chester.
2020. "The Self-Simulation Hypothesis Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics" *Entropy* 22, no. 2: 247.
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