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Entropic Dynamics of Stocks and European Options

Department of Physics, University at Albany-SUNY, Albany, NY 12222, USA
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Entropy 2019, 21(8), 765; https://doi.org/10.3390/e21080765
Received: 15 July 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 1 August 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
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Abstract

We develop an entropic framework to model the dynamics of stocks and European Options. Entropic inference is an inductive inference framework equipped with proper tools to handle situations where incomplete information is available. The objective of the paper is to lay down an alternative framework for modeling dynamics. An important information about the dynamics of a stock’s price is scale invariance. By imposing the scale invariant symmetry, we arrive at choosing the logarithm of the stock’s price as the proper variable to model. The dynamics of stock log price is derived using two pieces of information, the continuity of motion and the directionality constraint. The resulting model is the same as the Geometric Brownian Motion, GBM, of the stock price which is manifestly scale invariant. Furthermore, we come up with the dynamics of probability density function, which is a Fokker–Planck equation. Next, we extend the model to value the European Options on a stock. Derivative securities ought to be prices such that there is no arbitrage. To ensure the no-arbitrage pricing, we derive the risk-neutral measure by incorporating the risk-neutral information. Consequently, the Black–Scholes model and the Black–Scholes-Merton differential equation are derived. View Full-Text
Keywords: maximum entropy method; entropic dynamics; geometric Brownian motion; European options; Black–Scholes model; Black–Scholes–Merton equation; put-call parity maximum entropy method; entropic dynamics; geometric Brownian motion; European options; Black–Scholes model; Black–Scholes–Merton equation; put-call parity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Abedi, M.; Bartolomeo, D. Entropic Dynamics of Stocks and European Options. Entropy 2019, 21, 765.

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