The entropy generation that occurs within boundary layers over a C4 blade at a Reynolds number of 24,000 and incidence angles (i) of 0°, 2.5°, 5°, 7.5°, and 10° are investigated experimentally using a particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. To clarify the entropy generation process, the distribution of the entropy generation rates (EGR) and the unsteady flow structures within the PIV snapshots are analyzed. The results identify that for a higher incidence angle, the separation and transition occur further upstream, and the entropy generation in the boundary layer increases. When the separation takes place at the aft portion of the blade, the integral EGR decrease near the leading edge, remain minimal values in the middle portion of the blade, and increase sharply in the vicinity of the mean transition. More than 35% of the entropy generation is generated at the region downstream of the mean transition. When the separation occurs at the fore portion of the blade, the contributions of mean-flow viscous dissipation decrease to less than 20%. The entropy generation with elevated value can be detected over the entire blade. The entire integral entropy generation in the boundary layer increases sharply when the laminar separation bubble moves upstream to the leading edge.
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