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Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceReview

Levitated Nanoparticles for Microscopic Thermodynamics—A Review

by Jan Gieseler 1,* and James Millen 2,3,*
1
Department of Physics, Harvard University, 17 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
2
Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Boltzmanngasse 5, Vienna 1090, Austria
3
Department of Physics, Kings College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2018, 20(5), 326; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20050326
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 16 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 28 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mesoscopic Thermodynamics and Dynamics)
Levitated Nanoparticles have received much attention for their potential to perform quantum mechanical experiments even at room temperature. However, even in the regime where the particle dynamics are purely classical, there is a lot of interesting physics that can be explored. Here we review the application of levitated nanoparticles as a new experimental platform to explore stochastic thermodynamics in small systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: stochastic thermodynamics; optical levitation; fluctuation relations; Brownian motion; micro engines; optical manipulation; optical trapping; nanoparticles stochastic thermodynamics; optical levitation; fluctuation relations; Brownian motion; micro engines; optical manipulation; optical trapping; nanoparticles
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Gieseler, J.; Millen, J. Levitated Nanoparticles for Microscopic Thermodynamics—A Review. Entropy 2018, 20, 326.

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