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Open AccessArticle

Brute Force Composition Scanning with a CALPHAD Database to Find Low Temperature Body Centered Cubic High Entropy Alloys

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2018, 20(12), 911;
Received: 11 October 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 29 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in High-Entropy Alloys)
We used the Thermo-Calc High Entropy Alloy CALPHAD database to determine the stable phases of AlCrMnNbTiV, AlCrMoNbTiV, AlCrFeTiV and AlCrMnMoTi alloys from 800 to 2800 K. The concentrations of elements were varied from 1–49 atom%. A five- or six-dimensional grid is constructed, with stable phases calculated at each grid point. Thermo-Calc was used as a massive parallel tool and three million compositions were calculated, resulting in tens of thousands of compositions for which the alloys formed a single disordered body centered cubic (bcc) phase at 800 K. By filtering out alloy compositions for which a disordered single phase persists down to 800 K, composition ‘islands’ of high entropy alloys are determined in composition space. The sizes and shapes of such islands provide information about which element combinations have good high entropy alloy forming qualities as well as about the role of individual elements within an alloy. In most cases disordered single phases are formed most readily at low temperature when several elements are almost entirely excluded, resulting in essentially ternary alloys. We determined which compositions lie near the centers of the high entropy alloy islands and therefore remain high entropy islands under small composition changes. These island center compositions are predicted to be high entropy alloys with the greatest certainty and make good candidates for experimental verification. The search for high entropy islands can be conducted subject to constraints, e.g., requiring a minimum amount of Al and/or Cr to promote oxidation resistance. Imposing such constraints rapidly diminishes the number of high entropy alloy compositions, in some cases to zero. We find that AlCrMnNbTiV and AlCrMoNbTiV are relatively good high entropy alloy formers, AlCrFeTiV is a poor high entropy alloy former, while AlCrMnMoTi is a poor high entropy alloy former at 800 K but quickly becomes a better high entropy alloy former with increasing temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: high entropy alloy; bcc; phase stability; CALPHAD; composition scanning high entropy alloy; bcc; phase stability; CALPHAD; composition scanning
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Klaver, T.P.C.; Simonovic, D.; Sluiter, M.H.F. Brute Force Composition Scanning with a CALPHAD Database to Find Low Temperature Body Centered Cubic High Entropy Alloys. Entropy 2018, 20, 911.

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