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Entropy 2017, 19(8), 396; https://doi.org/10.3390/e19080396

A Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method Based on AHP and Entropy for a Landslide Susceptibility Map

1
School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
2
Beijing General Research Institute of Mining & Metallurgy, Beijing 100160, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2017 / Revised: 5 July 2017 / Accepted: 28 July 2017 / Published: 1 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Information Theory)
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Abstract

Landslides are a common type of natural disaster in mountainous areas. As a result of the comprehensive influences of geology, geomorphology and climatic conditions, the susceptibility to landslide hazards in mountainous areas shows obvious regionalism. The evaluation of regional landslide susceptibility can help reduce the risk to the lives of mountain residents. In this paper, the Shannon entropy theory, a fuzzy comprehensive method and an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) have been used to demonstrate a variable type of weighting for landslide susceptibility evaluation modeling, combining subjective and objective weights. Further, based on a single factor sensitivity analysis, we established a strict criterion for landslide susceptibility assessments. Eight influencing factors have been selected for the study of Zhen’an County, Shan’xi Province: the lithology, relief amplitude, slope, aspect, slope morphology, altitude, annual mean rainfall and distance to the river. In order to verify the advantages of the proposed method, the landslide index, prediction accuracy P, the R-index and the area under the curve were used in this paper. The results show that the proposed model of landslide hazard susceptibility can help to produce more objective and accurate landslide susceptibility maps, which not only take advantage of the information from the original data, but also reflect an expert’s knowledge and the opinions of decision-makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Shannon entropy; fuzzy comprehensive evaluation; AHP; landslide Shannon entropy; fuzzy comprehensive evaluation; AHP; landslide
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Zhao, H.; Yao, L.; Mei, G.; Liu, T.; Ning, Y. A Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method Based on AHP and Entropy for a Landslide Susceptibility Map. Entropy 2017, 19, 396.

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