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Genuine Tripartite Entanglement and Nonlocality in Bose-Einstein Condensates by Collective Atomic Recoil

1
Midlands Ultracold Atom Research Centre, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
2
School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2013, 15(5), 1875-1886; https://doi.org/10.3390/e15051875
Received: 22 April 2013 / Revised: 10 May 2013 / Accepted: 16 May 2013 / Published: 17 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Information 2012)
We study a system represented by a Bose-Einstein condensate interacting with a cavity field in presence of a strong off-resonant pumping laser. This system can be described by a three-mode Gaussian state, where two are the atomic modes corresponding to atoms populating upper and lower momentum sidebands and the third mode describes the scattered cavity field light. We show that, as a consequence of the collective atomic recoil instability, these modes possess a genuine tripartite entanglement that increases unboundedly with the evolution time and is larger than the bipartite entanglement in any reduced two-mode bipartition. We further show that the state of the system exhibits genuine tripartite nonlocality, which can be revealed by a robust violation of the Svetlichny inequality when performing displaced parity measurements. Our exact results are obtained by exploiting the powerful machinery of phase-space informational measures for Gaussian states, which we briefly review in the opening sections of the paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bose-Einstein condensates; multipartite entanglement; nonlocality; collective atomic recoil lasing Bose-Einstein condensates; multipartite entanglement; nonlocality; collective atomic recoil lasing
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Piano, S.; Adesso, G. Genuine Tripartite Entanglement and Nonlocality in Bose-Einstein Condensates by Collective Atomic Recoil. Entropy 2013, 15, 1875-1886.

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