Next Article in Journal
Forecasting the Stock Market with Linguistic Rules Generated from the Minimize Entropy Principle and the Cumulative Probability Distribution Approaches
Next Article in Special Issue
Reconsideration of Criteria and Modeling in Order to Optimize the Efficiency of Irreversible Thermomechanical Heat Engines
Previous Article in Journal
Autonomously Moving Colloidal Objects that Resemble Living Matter
Article

All in Action

by 1,2,3
1
Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
2
Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
3
Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
Entropy 2010, 12(11), 2333-2358; https://doi.org/10.3390/e12112333
Received: 8 October 2010 / Revised: 26 October 2010 / Accepted: 26 October 2010 / Published: 19 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Thermodynamics)
The principle of least action provides a holistic worldview in which Nature in its entirety and every detail is described in terms of actions. Each and every action is ultimately composed of one or multiple of the most elementary actions which relates to Planck’s constant. Elements of space are closed actions, known as fermions, whereas elements of time are open actions, known as bosons. The actions span an energy landscape, the Universe, which evolves irreversibly according to the 2nd law of thermodynamics by diminishing energy density differences in least time. During evolution densely-curled actions unfold step-by-step when opening up and expelling one or multiple elementary actions to their surrounding sparser space. The energy landscape will process from one symmetry group to another until the equivalence to its dual, i.e., the surrounding density has been attained. The scale-free physical portrayal of nature in terms of actions does not recognize any fundamental difference between fundamental particles and fundamental forces. Instead a plethora of particles and a diaspora of forces are perceived merely as diverse manifestations of a natural selection for various mechanisms and ways to decrease free energy in the least time. View Full-Text
Keywords: entropy; free energy; hierarchy; evolution; natural process; natural selection; statistical physics; thermodynamics entropy; free energy; hierarchy; evolution; natural process; natural selection; statistical physics; thermodynamics
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Annila, A. All in Action. Entropy 2010, 12, 2333-2358. https://doi.org/10.3390/e12112333

AMA Style

Annila A. All in Action. Entropy. 2010; 12(11):2333-2358. https://doi.org/10.3390/e12112333

Chicago/Turabian Style

Annila, Arto. 2010. "All in Action" Entropy 12, no. 11: 2333-2358. https://doi.org/10.3390/e12112333

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop