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Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation

School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8430, Japan
NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa-ken 243-0198, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2010, 12(11), 2268-2307;
Received: 2 October 2010 / Revised: 2 November 2010 / Accepted: 10 November 2010 / Published: 15 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Collection Quantum Information)
Numerical simulation of quantum systems is crucial to further our understanding of natural phenomena. Many systems of key interest and importance, in areas such as superconducting materials and quantum chemistry, are thought to be described by models which we cannot solve with sufficient accuracy, neither analytically nor numerically with classical computers. Using a quantum computer to simulate such quantum systems has been viewed as a key application of quantum computation from the very beginning of the field in the 1980s. Moreover, useful results beyond the reach of classical computation are expected to be accessible with fewer than a hundred qubits, making quantum simulation potentially one of the earliest practical applications of quantum computers. In this paper we survey the theoretical and experimental development of quantum simulation using quantum computers, from the first ideas to the intense research efforts currently underway. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum simulation; quantum computation; quantum information quantum simulation; quantum computation; quantum information
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brown, K.L.; Munro, W.J.; Kendon, V.M. Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation. Entropy 2010, 12, 2268-2307.

AMA Style

Brown KL, Munro WJ, Kendon VM. Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation. Entropy. 2010; 12(11):2268-2307.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brown, Katherine L., William J. Munro, and Vivien M. Kendon 2010. "Using Quantum Computers for Quantum Simulation" Entropy 12, no. 11: 2268-2307.

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