An external maxillary sinus lift is a delicate surgical procedure that is performed when there is not enough bone available to allow implant placement in the posterior maxilla due to bone resorption of the alveolar process and pneumatization of the maxillary sinuses [1
]. In order not to perforate the Schneiderian membrane, it is necessary to have full knowledge of the individual’s maxillary sinus anatomy [2
]. The literature shows the relationship between the presence of sinus septa and perforation of the Schneiderian membrane during surgery for external elevation of the maxillary sinus [2
]. The location of the access varies according to the morphology and anatomical location of the septa [2
2. Materials and Methods
A female patient, 59 years old and totally edentulous in the maxilla, was referred for consultation at the Egas Moniz’s Dental Clinic Implantology with indication for bilateral external elevation of the maxillary sinuses. Orthopantomography and a CBCT (cone-beam computed tomography) scan revealed the presence of bilateral sinus septa in the anterolateral wall, resulting in its compartmentalization. Multiple accesses were performed for each sinus according to the anatomical position of each septum.
3. Results and Discussion
The same surgical approach was applied in both right and left maxillary sinuses. A full-thickness mucoperiosteal flap was executed at first, followed by an osteotomy using a round handpiece burr to gain sinus membrane access, creating two windows. Both access windows were elevated and the Schneiderian membrane was then detached. Both spaces were filled with xenograft Bio-Oss®
and then covered with a Bio-Guide®
collagen membrane. Orthopantomography and CBCT were performed after this procedure to check its final outcome. Multiple accesses allowed elevation of the maxillary sinus membranes with less risk of perforation (Figure 1
In conclusion, septa should not be considered a contraindication to sinus lift surgery. Presurgical planning is crucial to reducing the risk of perforation of the Schneiderian membrane and enabling greater predictability of treatment success, thus reducing patient morbidity.