Development and User Feedback on Antimicrobial Stewardship Explainer Videos: A Collaborative Approach between the UK and Eight African Countries †
1. Project Overview
2. Outcomes and Impact
- The patient and doctor experience with antimicrobials. This video explores a mother and father’s experience with seeking medical help for their child’s illness, such as learning when it is appropriate to use antimicrobials or not, and the preventative actions one can take to reduce the chances of AMR.
- Continuum of care. This video explores the different roles involved in the whole journey of care. For example, for the doctor, the journey is about carrying out the appropriate test or using relevant tools/guidelines to assess the patient; for the pharmacist, providing advice to colleagues and dispensing the correct antimicrobials; for the nurse, providing the antibiotic on time and appropriately; and for the patient, taking the medicine correctly and not sharing antimicrobials with family, friends, or pets.
- Surgical prophylaxis. This video explores the journey of healthcare professionals (doctor, nurse, and pharmacist) in managing surgical-site infection, using the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist, and deciding on the appropriate use of antimicrobials in a patient’s journey to reduce the risk of AMR.
- Defining AMR and AMS. This video defines antimicrobial resistance and stewardship, reviews the global organisations involved in AMR prevention, assesses why it is important that we tackle it, and determines the actions that individuals (both patients and health professionals) can take to reduce AMR.
- Training workshops involving 50+ and 145+ people;
- Seminars of 20+ people and in AMS team meetings;
- One partnership bought a TV to share the videos with hospital staff/students in the clinical skills training room at the hospital. This room is used for small group teaching sessions;
- One partnership showcased the videos during training sessions and trainees then translated the videos into Swahili for future use.
3. Future Development
- Continue to gather feedback from health partnerships and, where feasible, make priority edits to the videos regarding suggestions that were made in the survey. For example, adding more languages, improving existing accents where needed, and providing subtitles with local languages to improve accessibility;
- Disseminate the videos during future phases of the CwPAMS programme and encourage health partnerships to use the videos in training sessions and at the hospitals/clinics;
- Support health partnerships to disseminate the videos on a wider scale. Partnerships have expressed interest in sharing the videos on, for example, TV/radio shows, social media, and through printed screenshots of the videos on posters;
- Share the videos with a wider network of stakeholders, including, for example, the Africa CDC, Fleming Fund, and WHO, to support further antimicrobial stewardship.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
- Fraser, J.L.; Alimi, Y.H.; Varma, J.K.; Muraya, T.; Kujinga, T.; Carter, V.K.; Schultsz, C.; Del Rio Vilas, V.J. Antimicrobial resistance control efforts in Africa: A survey of the role of Civil Society Organisations. Glob. Health Action 2021, 14, 1868055. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Varma, J.K.; Oppong-Otoo, J.; Ondoa, P.; Perovic, O.; Park, B.J.; Laxminarayan, R.; Peeling, R.W.; Schultsz, C.; Li, H.; Ihekweazu, C.; et al. Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention’s framework for antimicrobial resistance control in Africa. Afr. J. Lab. Med. 2018, 7, 830. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- AMS Explainer Animation Videos–Pilot. THET Partnerships YouTube. Available online: https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PL9qDtywmdsRBhwyc0XFUz5204Z1vQCrWd (accessed on 15 August 2022).
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Fraser, J.; Garraghan, F.; Ashiru-Oredope, D. Development and User Feedback on Antimicrobial Stewardship Explainer Videos: A Collaborative Approach between the UK and Eight African Countries. Med. Sci. Forum 2022, 15, 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2022015015
Fraser J, Garraghan F, Ashiru-Oredope D. Development and User Feedback on Antimicrobial Stewardship Explainer Videos: A Collaborative Approach between the UK and Eight African Countries. Medical Sciences Forum. 2022; 15(1):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2022015015Chicago/Turabian Style
Fraser, Jessica, Frances Garraghan, and Diane Ashiru-Oredope. 2022. "Development and User Feedback on Antimicrobial Stewardship Explainer Videos: A Collaborative Approach between the UK and Eight African Countries" Medical Sciences Forum 15, no. 1: 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/msf2022015015