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Mediterranean Diet, a Sustainable Cultural Asset

INIAV—National Institute for Agricultural and Veterinarian Research, Av. da República, Quinta do Marquês (edifício sede), 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal
Municipality of S. Pedro do Sul (Presidency of the Municipal Assembly), Largo de Camões, 3660-435 Sao Pedro do Sul, Portugal
Mediterranean Institute for Agriculture, Environment and Development, University of Algarve Edf 8, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Raffaele Barretta and Massimo Lucarini
Encyclopedia 2022, 2(2), 761-777;
Received: 25 January 2022 / Revised: 6 April 2022 / Accepted: 11 April 2022 / Published: 14 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Biology & Life Sciences)
The Mediterranean diet is a dietary pattern and associated lifestyle that adopts mainly plant foods. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been acknowledged by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as an intangible cultural heritage of humanity since 2013, a candidacy involving seven countries in the area, including Portugal, aiming to safeguard the MD in its multiple dimensions. The corresponding food system is recognized as healthy and sustainable by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and by the World Health Organization (WHO), inspiring dietary guidelines around the world. The current entry examines the sustainability and resilience of the Mediterranean dietary food pattern, using the Portuguese as a case study to examine the feasibility of prospective composite indicators in assessing the sustainability of diets and food systems. Information extracted from reports and official statistics was used to assess a set of proposed metrics. Although information to fulfil most metrics was found, some data gaps were identified, highlighting the need to improve existing metrics. The current work highlights the role of science and policy in transforming four key areas of human–nature interaction: use of natural resources, food systems, production and consumption, and cities’ sustainability. Since sustainable production and consumption (SGD 12) is key to the UN’s 2030 agenda, it is important to analyze to what extent the dissemination of the Mediterranean diet among the population can be a way to achieve this goal. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; sustainability; agriculture; health; environment; agri-biodiversity; cultural asset Mediterranean diet; sustainability; agriculture; health; environment; agri-biodiversity; cultural asset
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barros, V.C.; Delgado, A.M. Mediterranean Diet, a Sustainable Cultural Asset. Encyclopedia 2022, 2, 761-777.

AMA Style

Barros VC, Delgado AM. Mediterranean Diet, a Sustainable Cultural Asset. Encyclopedia. 2022; 2(2):761-777.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barros, Vitor C., and Amélia M. Delgado. 2022. "Mediterranean Diet, a Sustainable Cultural Asset" Encyclopedia 2, no. 2: 761-777.

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