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Screening of a Small Number of Italian COVID-19 Syndrome Survivors by Means of the Fatigue Assessment Scale: Long COVID Prevalence and the Role of Gender

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S.C. Pneumologia—Ospedale Imperia, Via Sant’Agata 57, 18100 Imperia, Italy
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DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
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Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali (INSTM), Via G. Giusti 9, 50121 Florence, Italy
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrea Fiorillo
COVID 2021, 1(3), 518-527; https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1030044
Received: 24 September 2021 / Revised: 23 October 2021 / Accepted: 26 October 2021 / Published: 29 October 2021
Months after healing, a number of COVID-19 syndrome survivors are affected by both psychological and physical limitations. They are mainly troubled with long-term fatigue, which is a crucial aspect of Long Covid syndrome. This paper aims to investigate the level and persistency of fatigue among COVID-19 survivors from the first wave of the pandemic in Western Liguria and to elucidate the role of gender, age, and lifestyle. It also provides data to the scientific community to help drawing a consistent picture of Long Covid syndrome. The patients were requested to fill a Fatigue Assessment Questionnaire twice: (i) a few weeks after discharge from hospital or home confinement and (ii) a few months later. Statistical analysis was carried out on the global scores and on the score for every single item of the questionnaire. The outcome of the two questionnaires were analyzed separately and compared. Females are more affected by fatigue than males. This results holds for both physical and mental fatigue. All the males’ fatigue scores were reduced at the second control, while 40% of females worsened it. Home-confined patients showed a higher fatigue score at the first check. In the initial stages of the recovery, patients are more affected by physical, rather than mental, fatigue. This is worth of further investigation as well as the reasons leading to a higher initial fatigue score for home cared patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic fatigue; long-COVID; gender issue chronic fatigue; long-COVID; gender issue
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MDPI and ACS Style

Serafini, A.; Tagliaferro, A.; Balbi, F.; Bordo, A.; Bernardi, S.; Berta, G.; Trucco, L.; Perretta, E.; Gualco, E.; Zoccali, P.; De Michelis, C. Screening of a Small Number of Italian COVID-19 Syndrome Survivors by Means of the Fatigue Assessment Scale: Long COVID Prevalence and the Role of Gender. COVID 2021, 1, 518-527. https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1030044

AMA Style

Serafini A, Tagliaferro A, Balbi F, Bordo A, Bernardi S, Berta G, Trucco L, Perretta E, Gualco E, Zoccali P, De Michelis C. Screening of a Small Number of Italian COVID-19 Syndrome Survivors by Means of the Fatigue Assessment Scale: Long COVID Prevalence and the Role of Gender. COVID. 2021; 1(3):518-527. https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1030044

Chicago/Turabian Style

Serafini, Antonella, Alberto Tagliaferro, Francesco Balbi, Alberto Bordo, Stefano Bernardi, Giorgio Berta, Lorenzo Trucco, Enrico Perretta, Elisa Gualco, Patrizia Zoccali, and Claudio De Michelis. 2021. "Screening of a Small Number of Italian COVID-19 Syndrome Survivors by Means of the Fatigue Assessment Scale: Long COVID Prevalence and the Role of Gender" COVID 1, no. 3: 518-527. https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1030044

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