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Complete Genome Sequence and Benzophenone-3 Mineralisation Potential of Rhodococcus sp. USK10, A Bacterium Isolated from Riverbank Sediment

1
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Technical Science, Aarhus University, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
2
Department of Geochemistry, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
3
Department of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
4
Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 1870 Frederiksber, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mayur B. Kurade
Appl. Microbiol. 2022, 2(1), 104-112; https://doi.org/10.3390/applmicrobiol2010006
Received: 22 December 2021 / Revised: 13 January 2022 / Accepted: 17 January 2022 / Published: 20 January 2022
Benzophenone-3 (BP3) is an organic UV filter whose presence in the aquatic environment has been linked to detrimental developmental impacts in aquatic organisms such as coral and fish. The genus Rhodococcus has been extensively studied and is known for possessing large genomes housing genes for biodegradation of a wide range of compounds, including aromatic carbons. Here, we present the genome sequence of Rhodococcus sp. USK10, which was isolated from Chinese riverbank sediment and is capable of utilising BP3 as the sole carbon source, resulting in full BP3 mineralisation. The genome consisted of 9,870,030 bp in 3 replicons, a G+C content of 67.2%, and 9722 coding DNA sequences (CDSs). Annotation of the genome revealed that 179 of these CDSs are involved in the metabolism of aromatic carbons. The complete genome of Rhodococcus sp. USK10 is the first complete, annotated genome sequence of a Benzophenone-3-degrading bacterium. Through radiolabelling, it is also the first bacterium proven to mineralise Benzophenone-3. Due to the widespread environmental prevalence of Benzophenone-3, coupled with its adverse impact on aquatic organisms, this characterisation provides an integral first step in better understanding the environmentally relevant degradation pathway of the commonly used UV filter. Given USK10′s ability to completely mineralise Benzophenone-3, it could prove to be a suitable candidate for bioremediation application. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxybenzone; UV filter; biodegradation; whole-genome sequencing; Rhodococcus oxybenzone; UV filter; biodegradation; whole-genome sequencing; Rhodococcus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martin, J.D.; Krüger, U.S.; Zervas, A.; Schostag, M.D.; Nielsen, T.K.; Aamand, J.; Hansen, L.H.; Ellegaard-Jensen, L. Complete Genome Sequence and Benzophenone-3 Mineralisation Potential of Rhodococcus sp. USK10, A Bacterium Isolated from Riverbank Sediment. Appl. Microbiol. 2022, 2, 104-112. https://doi.org/10.3390/applmicrobiol2010006

AMA Style

Martin JD, Krüger US, Zervas A, Schostag MD, Nielsen TK, Aamand J, Hansen LH, Ellegaard-Jensen L. Complete Genome Sequence and Benzophenone-3 Mineralisation Potential of Rhodococcus sp. USK10, A Bacterium Isolated from Riverbank Sediment. Applied Microbiology. 2022; 2(1):104-112. https://doi.org/10.3390/applmicrobiol2010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martin, Joseph Donald, Urse Scheel Krüger, Athanasios Zervas, Morten Dencker Schostag, Tue Kjærgaard Nielsen, Jens Aamand, Lars Hestbjerg Hansen, and Lea Ellegaard-Jensen. 2022. "Complete Genome Sequence and Benzophenone-3 Mineralisation Potential of Rhodococcus sp. USK10, A Bacterium Isolated from Riverbank Sediment" Applied Microbiology 2, no. 1: 104-112. https://doi.org/10.3390/applmicrobiol2010006

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