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Review

Mixed-Alkali Effect in Borate Glasses: Thermal, Elastic, and Vibrational Properties

Division of Materials Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573, Japan
Solids 2020, 1(1), 16-30; https://doi.org/10.3390/solids1010003
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 1 November 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
When oxide glasses are modified by dissimilar alkali ions, a maximum in the electric resistivity or the expansion coefficient appears, called the mixed-alkali effect (MAE). This paper reviews the MAE on the thermal, elastic, and vibrational properties of the mixed-cesium lithium borate glasses, x{(1−y)Cs2O-yLi2O}-(1−x)B2O3. For the single-alkali borate glasses, xM2O(1−x)-B2O3 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs), the glass transition temperature, Tg = 270 °C, of a borate glass monotonically increases as the alkali content x increases. However, for the mixed-cesium lithium borate glasses the Tg shows the minimum against the lithium fraction y. The dependences of the elastic properties on the lithium fraction y were discussed regarding the longitudinal modulus, Poisson’s ratio, and Cauchy-type relation. The internal vibrational bands related to the boron-oxide structural groups and the splitting of a boson peak were discussed based on Raman scattering spectroscopy. The MAE on various physical properties are discussed on the basis of the changes in the coordination number of the borons and the nonbridging oxygens caused by the dissimilar alkali ions. View Full-Text
Keywords: mixed-alkali effect; borate glass; coordination number; elastic constants; boson peak mixed-alkali effect; borate glass; coordination number; elastic constants; boson peak
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kojima, S. Mixed-Alkali Effect in Borate Glasses: Thermal, Elastic, and Vibrational Properties. Solids 2020, 1, 16-30. https://doi.org/10.3390/solids1010003

AMA Style

Kojima S. Mixed-Alkali Effect in Borate Glasses: Thermal, Elastic, and Vibrational Properties. Solids. 2020; 1(1):16-30. https://doi.org/10.3390/solids1010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kojima, Seiji. 2020. "Mixed-Alkali Effect in Borate Glasses: Thermal, Elastic, and Vibrational Properties" Solids 1, no. 1: 16-30. https://doi.org/10.3390/solids1010003

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