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Peer-Review Record

Thematic Patterns of Disinformation about COVID-19: The Framing of Checks in the Fato ou Fake and Lupa Agencies

Journal. Media. 2022, 3(1), 27-39;
Reviewer 1: Anonymous
Reviewer 2: Anonymous
Journal. Media. 2022, 3(1), 27-39;
Received: 22 October 2021 / Revised: 6 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 30 December 2021

Round 1

Reviewer 1 Report

  1. The study is very relevant, current and with great scientific relevance.
  2. The methodology is consistent with the proposal of the study: analysis of the action of two Brazilian fact-checking agencies, taking into account the accelerated volume of misinformation and disinformation that the Covid-19 pandemic accelerated and increased around the world.
  3. The sample is very significant and the analysis technique very suitable for the study objectives.
  4. Necessary improvements:
  1. Expand and diversify the theoretical framework;
  2. Review the formal norms indicated by Media and Journalism;
  3. Graphical data should be translated into English.

Author Response

Thank you for your comments. We included your suggestions in the manuscript. See the attachment.

Author Response File: Author Response.pdf

Reviewer 2 Report

I thought this was an interesting study. Here are some comments that I hope are helpful toward revision.

The literature review could be strengthened by referencing the emerging literature on “dark participation,” which helpfully moves the field away from the technologically deterministic and utopian literature on the “democratization” of journalism through things like participatory journalism and user-generated content. Key sources here include De Vreese (2021), Frischlich et al. (2019), Quandt (2018), and Westlund (2021).

I would like to see a clearer definition of fake news in the front end of the paper. A good start for this might be Tandoc (2019), Tandoc et al (2018), and/or Tandoc et al (2021).

I think it would be helpful if, at the end of the literature review, the author(s) posed clear, empirical research questions to indicate what the focus of the analysis is.

I couldn't discern from the method section (which ought to have its own heading and be designated as such) how many articles comprised the sample for each of the news organizations studied. Can this be clarified?

Is the Graph on p. 4 reporting raw numbers or percentages? I assumed raw numbers but it wasn’t immediately clear to me.

In terms of writing and organization, it would be helpful if there were more subheadings to organize the narrative more clearly.

The discussion/conclusion would benefit from a section more clearly focused on what explains the differences that were found (i.e., what inferences can you make from your findings). This would nudge the paper slightly beyond description into explanation.


References for sourced cited above

De Vreese, C. (2021). Beyond the darkness: Research on participation in online media and discourse. Media & Communication, 9(1), 215–216.

Frischlich, L., Boberg, S., & Quandt, T. (2019). Comment sections as targets of dark participation? Journalists’ evaluation and moderation of deviant user comments. Journalism Studies, 20(14), 2014–2033.

Quandt, T. (2018). Dark participation. Media & Communication, 6(4), 36–48.

Tandoc, E. C. (2019). The facts of fake news: A research review. Sociology Compass, 13(9), 1–9.

Tandoc, E. C., Lim, Z. W., & Ling, R. (2018). Defining “fake news”: A typology of scholarly definitions. Digital Journalism, 6(2), 137–153.

Tandoc, E. C., Thomas, R. J., & Bishop, L. (2021). What is (fake) news? Analyzing news values (and more) in fake stories. Media & Communication, 9(1), 110–119.

Westlund, O. (2021). Advancing research into dark participation. Media & Communication, 9(1), 209–214.

Author Response

Thank you for your comments. We included your suggestions in the manuscript. See the attachment.

Author Response File: Author Response.pdf

Round 2

Reviewer 2 Report

Thank you for the diligent work on this revision!

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