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Article

Sources, Channels and Strategies of Disinformation in the 2020 US Election: Social Networks, Traditional Media and Political Candidates

Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Academic Editor: Jacob Groshek
Journal. Media. 2021, 2(4), 605-624; https://doi.org/10.3390/journalmedia2040036
Received: 17 August 2021 / Revised: 25 September 2021 / Accepted: 30 September 2021 / Published: 16 October 2021
The dissemination of fake news during the conduct of an electoral campaign can significantly distort the process by which voters form their opinion on candidates and decide their vote. Cases of disinformation have been happening since the rise of social networks and the last presidential election held in 2020 in the United States was not an exception. The present research aims at analyzing the ways in which political disinformation is generated by different types of sources (social networks users, the media and political candidates) through various channels for communication (social and traditional media). Quantitative and qalitative methods were used to analyze a sample of news published during the election and verified by the most important fact-checking organizations in the United States and Europe. The results indicate that users of social networks spread false information on equal terms with presidential candidates, although the channel preferred to spread misleading messages was social networks in 67.4% of cases. The candidates relied on the use of classic disinformation strategies through traditional media, although the greatest degree of disinformation occurred when conspiratorial hoaxes were circulated through social networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: fact-checking; fake news; misinformation; disinformation sources; disinformation strategies; US presidential election; political communication; social media; digital media fact-checking; fake news; misinformation; disinformation sources; disinformation strategies; US presidential election; political communication; social media; digital media
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MDPI and ACS Style

Benaissa Pedriza, S. Sources, Channels and Strategies of Disinformation in the 2020 US Election: Social Networks, Traditional Media and Political Candidates. Journal. Media. 2021, 2, 605-624. https://doi.org/10.3390/journalmedia2040036

AMA Style

Benaissa Pedriza S. Sources, Channels and Strategies of Disinformation in the 2020 US Election: Social Networks, Traditional Media and Political Candidates. Journalism and Media. 2021; 2(4):605-624. https://doi.org/10.3390/journalmedia2040036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Benaissa Pedriza, Samia. 2021. "Sources, Channels and Strategies of Disinformation in the 2020 US Election: Social Networks, Traditional Media and Political Candidates" Journalism and Media 2, no. 4: 605-624. https://doi.org/10.3390/journalmedia2040036

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