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Acquisition of Adaptive Traits via Interspecific Association: Ecological Consequences and Applications

US Environmental Protection Agency, Duluth, MN 55804, USA
Ecologies 2021, 2(1), 43-70; https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010004
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 30 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers of Ecologies 2021)
Adaptative traits enable organisms to survive and reproduce. Though these traits are often innate features (ones that may or may not exhibit variability in response to environmental cues or originate from horizontal gene transfer), this is not always the case. Many species endure natural selection not with the traits they possess intrinsically but with exogenous substances and abilities that they acquire from other species, via ecological interactions akin to outsourcing, pillaging, and fraud. Here, I review the mechanisms of this exogenous trait acquisition and highlight some of their repercussions and usefulness for natural resource management, industry, and human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: defense; functional redundancy; indirect interaction; offense; symbiosis defense; functional redundancy; indirect interaction; offense; symbiosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Banerji, A. Acquisition of Adaptive Traits via Interspecific Association: Ecological Consequences and Applications. Ecologies 2021, 2, 43-70. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010004

AMA Style

Banerji A. Acquisition of Adaptive Traits via Interspecific Association: Ecological Consequences and Applications. Ecologies. 2021; 2(1):43-70. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Banerji, Aabir. 2021. "Acquisition of Adaptive Traits via Interspecific Association: Ecological Consequences and Applications" Ecologies 2, no. 1: 43-70. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010004

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