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Distribution of Five Aquatic Plants Native to South America and Invasive Elsewhere under Current Climate

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, 07100 Sassari, Italy
Ecologies 2021, 2(1), 27-42; https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010003
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 31 December 2020 / Published: 7 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers of Ecologies 2021)
Biological invasions and climate pose two of the most important challenges facing global biodiversity. Certainly, climate change may intensify the impacts of invasion by allowing invasive plants to increase in abundance and further expand their ranges. For example, most aquatic alien plants in temperate climate are of tropical and subtropical origins and the northern limits of their ranges are generally determined by minimum winter temperatures, and they will probably expand their distributions northwards if climate warms. The distribution of five invasive aquatic plants in freshwater systems across continents were investigated. Their global distributions in the current climate were modeled using a recently developed ensemble species distribution model approach, specifically designed to account for dispersal constraints on the distributions of range-expanding species. It was found that the species appear capable of substantial range expansion, and that low winter temperature is the strongest factor limiting their invasion. These findings can be used to identify areas at risk of recently introduction of neophytes, and develop future monitoring programs for aquatic ecosystems, prioritizing control efforts, which enables the effective use of ecological niche models to forecast aquatic invasion in other geographic regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: BIOMOD; climatically suitable area; hydroclimatic variables; invasive non-native species; presence-background; species distribution models (SDMs) BIOMOD; climatically suitable area; hydroclimatic variables; invasive non-native species; presence-background; species distribution models (SDMs)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lozano, V. Distribution of Five Aquatic Plants Native to South America and Invasive Elsewhere under Current Climate. Ecologies 2021, 2, 27-42. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010003

AMA Style

Lozano V. Distribution of Five Aquatic Plants Native to South America and Invasive Elsewhere under Current Climate. Ecologies. 2021; 2(1):27-42. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lozano, Vanessa. 2021. "Distribution of Five Aquatic Plants Native to South America and Invasive Elsewhere under Current Climate" Ecologies 2, no. 1: 27-42. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecologies2010003

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