Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) is recognised as disordered bowel function after rectal resection. Temporary ileostomy is associated with LARS and with reduced colonic bacteria. Faecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is the introduction of enteric bacteria from healthy donors into a patient’s gut. We hypothesise that FMT could improve bowel function after ileostomy reversal. We aim to determine whether FMT would be acceptable to patients. Patients who had undergone anterior resection in the previous two years across four sites were sent questionnaires. A group of patients were invited to a focus group to explore their views further. There were 98 eligible patients, of whom 40 responded (41%); 67% were male, median age was 67 (range 31–83) years, and 11 still had a stoma. Of those who had their stoma reversed, 52% had major LARS symptoms. Sixty-five percent thought the concept of FMT sounded effective and 70% were willing to try it. A healthy anonymous donor and FMT via enema were the most acceptable options to the respondents. Seven patients attended the focus group; 2 female, 5 male, mean age 66 (range 45–75) years. All patients thought FMT was acceptable but the word “faecal” made it less acceptable. All participants would consider entering a trial with FMT as a treatment option. The main concerns were safety and efficacy. The majority of patients who responded thought FMT was acceptable and were willing to try it as a potential treatment option.
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