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Article

Evolution towards Smart and Software-Defined Internet of Things

1
School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (SEECS), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), H-12, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Department of Computer Science, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Pakistan Academy of Sciences, G-5, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Department of Computer Science, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
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School of Computing, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh EH10 5DT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luis Javier Garcia Villalba
AI 2022, 3(1), 100-123; https://doi.org/10.3390/ai3010007
Received: 23 January 2022 / Revised: 11 February 2022 / Accepted: 12 February 2022 / Published: 21 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for AI)
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a mesh network of interconnected objects with unique identifiers that can transmit data and communicate with one another without the need for human intervention. The IoT has brought the future closer to us. It has opened up new and vast domains for connecting not only people, but also all kinds of simple objects and phenomena all around us. With billions of heterogeneous devices connected to the Internet, the network architecture must evolve to accommodate the expected increase in data generation while also improving the security and efficiency of connectivity. Traditional IoT architectures are primitive and incapable of extending functionality and productivity to the IoT infrastructure’s desired levels. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and virtualization are two promising technologies for cost-effectively handling the scale and versatility required for IoT. In this paper, we discussed traditional IoT networks and the need for SDN and Network Function Virtualization (NFV), followed by an analysis of SDN and NFV solutions for implementing IoT in various ways. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT); Software-Defined Networking (SDN); Network Function Virtualization (NFV); massive connectivity; industrial IoT; IoT evolution Internet of Things (IoT); Software-Defined Networking (SDN); Network Function Virtualization (NFV); massive connectivity; industrial IoT; IoT evolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abid, M.A.; Afaqui, N.; Khan, M.A.; Akhtar, M.W.; Malik, A.W.; Munir, A.; Ahmad, J.; Shabir, B. Evolution towards Smart and Software-Defined Internet of Things. AI 2022, 3, 100-123. https://doi.org/10.3390/ai3010007

AMA Style

Abid MA, Afaqui N, Khan MA, Akhtar MW, Malik AW, Munir A, Ahmad J, Shabir B. Evolution towards Smart and Software-Defined Internet of Things. AI. 2022; 3(1):100-123. https://doi.org/10.3390/ai3010007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abid, Muhammad Aneeq, Naokhaiz Afaqui, Muazzam A. Khan, Muhammad Waseem Akhtar, Asad Waqar Malik, Arslan Munir, Jawad Ahmad, and Balawal Shabir. 2022. "Evolution towards Smart and Software-Defined Internet of Things" AI 3, no. 1: 100-123. https://doi.org/10.3390/ai3010007

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