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Comparative Analysis of Child Restraint Systems Safety Parameters in Relation to the New Regulation No. 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE)

IDAP Technology Ltd. Jagiellonska 55 St. 03-301 Warsaw, Poland
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Vehicles 2020, 2(1), 142-155; https://doi.org/10.3390/vehicles2010008
Received: 8 January 2020 / Revised: 15 February 2020 / Accepted: 20 February 2020 / Published: 24 February 2020
This study presents a comparison of the common Child Restraint Systems (CRS) which reduces the value of dynamic loads affecting the child’s body during car accidents. The analyzed systems were: child seats, booster seats, and straps—adjustable vehicle seat belts adapted to children’s stature. The effectiveness of the analyzed devices was assessed on the basis of experimental tests carried out in the accredited laboratory approving the Child Restraint Systems. The tests were carried out in accordance with the new Regulation No. 129 UN/ECE. The authors examined whether the tested devices meet the guidelines of the new Regulations No. 129 despite approval in accordance with Regulation No. 44. Based on the research results, better safety parameters of some new solutions dedicated to children’s safety could be observed. Almost all the selected CRS met requirements stated in Regulation No. 129. The only exception was for abdominal pressure in one of the tested devices. Head Resultant Acceleration in tested devices was 14.7–39.0% less than the limit determined in Regulation No. 129 whereas Chest Resultant Acceleration was 17.4–37.6% less. Abdominal pressure was 46.4–81.4% beneath the limit (apart from one case which did not meet the requirements). The HPC parameter (Head Performance Criterion) was 45.4–74.5% less. The final results show that there are still some possibilities for improving the safety of young vehicle passengers. View Full-Text
Keywords: child seats; car accidents; car crash analyses; children safety child seats; car accidents; car crash analyses; children safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Muszyński, A.; Łuszczek, J.; Szymaniuk, R. Comparative Analysis of Child Restraint Systems Safety Parameters in Relation to the New Regulation No. 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE). Vehicles 2020, 2, 142-155. https://doi.org/10.3390/vehicles2010008

AMA Style

Muszyński A, Łuszczek J, Szymaniuk R. Comparative Analysis of Child Restraint Systems Safety Parameters in Relation to the New Regulation No. 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE). Vehicles. 2020; 2(1):142-155. https://doi.org/10.3390/vehicles2010008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muszyński, Artur, Jakub Łuszczek, and Rafał Szymaniuk. 2020. "Comparative Analysis of Child Restraint Systems Safety Parameters in Relation to the New Regulation No. 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE)" Vehicles 2, no. 1: 142-155. https://doi.org/10.3390/vehicles2010008

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