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Dietary Patterns and Depression: First Results in a Cross-Sectional Study from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

1
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro 21040-900, Brazil
2
School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-220, Brazil
3
School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90040-060, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Psych 2020, 2(1), 11-24; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010002
Received: 5 November 2019 / Revised: 11 December 2019 / Accepted: 17 December 2019 / Published: 20 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Health, Social Psychology and Psychiatry)
Background: Relations between diet and mental health continue to be a subject for controversy and an increasing numbers of studies. Recent literature is represented by papers that examine overall diet by way of dietary patterns and its association with depression, replacing previous studies about nutrients. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the relation between dietary patterns and depressive episode in the baseline (2008–2010) population of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). We analyzed 14,798 participants of ELSA-Brasil. Methods: We constructed dietary patterns based on the Food Frequency Questionnaire using multiple correspondence and cluster analysis; to evaluate depressive episodes, we used the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R). As an independent variable, we used the patterns: Traditional, Low-Sugar/Low-Fat, Fruit-Vegetables, and Bakery Products. We used multiple logistic regression models to evaluate relations between the dietary patterns and depressive episodes. Results: The Traditional pattern showed the highest percentages of consumption. After adjusting, the Bakery Products (OR = 1.33; 95%CI 1.05–1.70) was associated positively and significantly with depressive episodes only for women. Conclusions: International studies corroborated this finding, suggesting that the Bakery Products pattern could be a marker of a specific population group in which depressive episodes are frequent. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; dietary patterns; mental health; depression diet; dietary patterns; mental health; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno, A.B.; Chor, D.; Bensenor, I.M.; Nunes, M.A.; Griep, R.H.; Cardoso, L.O. Dietary Patterns and Depression: First Results in a Cross-Sectional Study from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Psych 2020, 2, 11-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010002

AMA Style

Moreno AB, Chor D, Bensenor IM, Nunes MA, Griep RH, Cardoso LO. Dietary Patterns and Depression: First Results in a Cross-Sectional Study from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Psych. 2020; 2(1):11-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreno, Arlinda B., Dóra Chor, Isabela M. Bensenor, Maria A. Nunes, Rosane H. Griep, and Leticia O. Cardoso. 2020. "Dietary Patterns and Depression: First Results in a Cross-Sectional Study from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)" Psych 2, no. 1: 11-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010002

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