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Energy Mechanisms of Free Vibrations and Resonance in Elastic Bodies

Department of Engineering of Technological Equipment, National University of Science and Technology MISIS, 119991 Moscow, Russia
Physics 2021, 3(4), 1133-1154; https://doi.org/10.3390/physics3040072 (registering DOI)
Received: 30 July 2021 / Revised: 20 October 2021 / Accepted: 2 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Applied Physics)
The scientific novelty of this work is determined by the rationale for the participation in transformations, along with the kinetic energy of particles, of four types of elastic energy, identified by the peculiarities of their phase changes in the oscillation process. Two types are converted into kinetic energy, while the other two types change the deformed state of particles in accordance with the equations of motion due to internal sources. The result is obtained based on the use of the superposition principle in the space of Lagrange variables with the imposition of forced and free oscillations, as well as a new model of mechanics based on the concepts of space, time, and energy with a new scale of average stresses that takes into account the energy of particles in the initial state. In such a model of mechanics, a generalized measure of the elastic energy of particles is a quadratic invariant of asymmetric tensor whose components are partial derivatives of Euler variables with respect to Lagrange variables. The concept of kinematic energy parameters is introduced, which differ from the corresponding volumetric energy densities by a multiplier equal to the modulus of elasticity, which is directly proportional to the density and heat capacity of the material, and inversely proportional to the volumetric compression coefficient. Comparison of the values of kinematic parameters shows that most of the energy required for oscillations is associated with the deformation of particles and comes from internal sources. The mechanisms of transformation of forced vibrations into their own for transverse, torsional, and longitudinal vibrations are considered, as well as the occurrence of resonance when free and forced vibrations are superimposed with the same or a similar frequency. The formation of a new free wave after each cycle of external influences with an increase in amplitude, which occurs mainly due to internal, and not external, energy sources is justified.
Keywords: energy model of mechanics; equations of motion; Lagrange variables; superposition principle; four types of elastic energy; kinematic parameters of elastic energy energy model of mechanics; equations of motion; Lagrange variables; superposition principle; four types of elastic energy; kinematic parameters of elastic energy
MDPI and ACS Style

Alyushin, Y.A. Energy Mechanisms of Free Vibrations and Resonance in Elastic Bodies. Physics 2021, 3, 1133-1154. https://doi.org/10.3390/physics3040072

AMA Style

Alyushin YA. Energy Mechanisms of Free Vibrations and Resonance in Elastic Bodies. Physics. 2021; 3(4):1133-1154. https://doi.org/10.3390/physics3040072

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alyushin, Yury A. 2021. "Energy Mechanisms of Free Vibrations and Resonance in Elastic Bodies" Physics 3, no. 4: 1133-1154. https://doi.org/10.3390/physics3040072

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