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Development, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Mango Pulp Extractor for Cottage Industry

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Department of Food Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Department of Farm Machinery and Power, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Department of Energy Systems Engineering, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Department of Food Science and Engineering, Henan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450041, China
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Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16802, USA
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Centro Tecnológico de la Carne de Galicia, Rúa Galicia No. 4, Parque Tecnológico de Galicia, 32900 Ourense, Spain
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Área de Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Ciencias de Ourense, Universidad de Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Cody Michael Allen and John T. Evans
AgriEngineering 2021, 3(4), 827-839; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040052
Received: 16 August 2021 / Revised: 16 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Machine Automation & Autonomy in Agriculture)
The loss of fresh fruits after harvesting is not new since it has constantly been a challenge for humankind. The growing population in developing countries, where food shortages exist, require serious food security measures to address hunger and malnutrition. Present research focused on the development, fabrication and testing of mango pulp extractor to assist small-scale fruit farmers in the countryside with a view to minimizing fruit spoilage. The unit, whose major material was food grade stainless steel (SS-304), consists of major components such as teflon brushes mounted shaft, motor, main frame, hopper, extraction compartment, pulp outlet, fruit residue outlet, perforated sieve and bearings. After construction, the machine was tested at three feed rate (2.0, 2.5, 3.0 kg/min) and extraction speed levels (500, 900 and 1400 rpm). Each of these factors was replicated three times, which resulted into 3 × 3 × 3 factorial experimental design. The optimum operating parameters for maximum pulp yield, maximum extraction efficiency and minimum extraction losses were determined. The physicochemical analysis of the extracted pulp was also carried out. Results revealed a maximum pulp yield of 77.9%, highest extraction efficiency of 96.03% and highest extraction loss of 9.3%. The mango pulp extraction machine was found to be affordable, easy to operate and maintain. The breakeven point of the machine was found to be 40 h if the machine is operated at its peak capacity. Therefore, it is recommended for small-scale farmers and for cottage industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: postharvest losses; food security; malnutrition; fruit spoilage; mango pulp extractor postharvest losses; food security; malnutrition; fruit spoilage; mango pulp extractor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Akram, M.E.; Khan, M.A.; Khan, M.U.; Amin, U.; Haris, M.; Mahmud, M.S.; Zahid, A.; Pateiro, M.; Lorenzo, J.M. Development, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Mango Pulp Extractor for Cottage Industry. AgriEngineering 2021, 3, 827-839. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040052

AMA Style

Akram ME, Khan MA, Khan MU, Amin U, Haris M, Mahmud MS, Zahid A, Pateiro M, Lorenzo JM. Development, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Mango Pulp Extractor for Cottage Industry. AgriEngineering. 2021; 3(4):827-839. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Akram, Muhammad E., Muhammad A. Khan, Muhammad U. Khan, Usman Amin, Muhammad Haris, Md S. Mahmud, Azlan Zahid, Mirian Pateiro, and José M. Lorenzo 2021. "Development, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Mango Pulp Extractor for Cottage Industry" AgriEngineering 3, no. 4: 827-839. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040052

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