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Article

On the Technical Performance Characteristics of Horticultural Lamps

1
School of Integrative Plant Science, Horticulture Section, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
2
Department of Environmental Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francesco Marinello and Lin Wei
AgriEngineering 2021, 3(4), 716-727; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040046
Received: 27 June 2021 / Revised: 11 September 2021 / Accepted: 23 September 2021 / Published: 28 September 2021
Recent advances in light emitting diode (LED) technology have provided exciting opportunities for plant lighting applications, and it is expected that LED lighting will soon overtake the still common use of high-intensity discharge (HID) lighting technology. Because LED lighting offers novel capabilities, extensive research is needed to identify optimal lighting practices for the large number of crops grown by commercial greenhouse growers. Plant scientists and growers facing decisions about plant lighting systems do not always have sufficient information about lamp performance characteristics. In this paper, we reported on various technical performance characteristics for 18 lamp types commonly used for plant production, and compared these characteristics with the characteristics of sunlight. The results showed a substantial range of performance characteristics, highlighting the importance of a careful assessment before selecting a light source for horticultural applications. The data presented in this paper can be used to assess the suitability of a specific light source for a particular horticultural application. View Full-Text
Keywords: controlled environment agriculture; crop production; efficacy; extended photosynthetically active radiation; spectrum; supplemental lighting controlled environment agriculture; crop production; efficacy; extended photosynthetically active radiation; spectrum; supplemental lighting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shelford, T.J.; Both, A.-J. On the Technical Performance Characteristics of Horticultural Lamps. AgriEngineering 2021, 3, 716-727. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040046

AMA Style

Shelford TJ, Both A-J. On the Technical Performance Characteristics of Horticultural Lamps. AgriEngineering. 2021; 3(4):716-727. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040046

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shelford, Timothy J., and Arend-Jan Both. 2021. "On the Technical Performance Characteristics of Horticultural Lamps" AgriEngineering 3, no. 4: 716-727. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering3040046

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