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A Survey of Enabling Technologies for Smart Communities

by *,† and
Department of Computer Science, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Smart Cities 2021, 4(1), 54-77; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities4010004
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 23 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Smart Cities)
In 2016, the Japanese Government publicized an initiative and a call to action for the implementation of a “Super Smart Society” announced as Society 5.0. The stated goal of Society 5.0 is to meet the various needs of the members of society through the provisioning of goods and services to those who require them, when they are required and in the amount required, thus enabling the citizens to live an active and comfortable life. In spite of its genuine appeal, details of a feasible path to Society 5.0 are conspicuously missing. The first main goal of this survey is to suggest such an implementation path. Specifically, we define a Smart Community as a human-centric entity where technology is used to equip the citizenry with information and services that they can use to inform their decisions. The arbiter of this ecosystem of services is a Marketplace of Services that will reward services aligned with the wants and needs of the citizens, while discouraging the proliferation of those that are not. In the limit, the Smart Community we defined will morph into Society 5.0. At that point, the Marketplace of Services will become a platform for the co-creation of services by a close cooperation between the citizens and their government. The second objective and contribution of this survey paper is to review known technologies that, in our opinion, will play a significant role in the transition to Society 5.0. These technologies will be surveyed in chronological order, as newer technologies often extend old technologies while avoiding their limitations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Smart Cities; Smart Communities; Society 5.0; enabling technologies; cloud computing; vehicular clouds; sensor networks; edge computing; IoT, crowdsourcing; Big Data analytics; Marketplace of Services Smart Cities; Smart Communities; Society 5.0; enabling technologies; cloud computing; vehicular clouds; sensor networks; edge computing; IoT, crowdsourcing; Big Data analytics; Marketplace of Services
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iqbal, A.; Olariu, S. A Survey of Enabling Technologies for Smart Communities. Smart Cities 2021, 4, 54-77. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities4010004

AMA Style

Iqbal A, Olariu S. A Survey of Enabling Technologies for Smart Communities. Smart Cities. 2021; 4(1):54-77. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities4010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iqbal, Amna, and Stephan Olariu. 2021. "A Survey of Enabling Technologies for Smart Communities" Smart Cities 4, no. 1: 54-77. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities4010004

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