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Smart and Sustainable? Positioning Adaptation to Climate Change in the European Smart City

Department of Applied Economics, Public Economics and Political Economy, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Somosaguas, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain
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Smart Cities 2020, 3(2), 511-526; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020027
Received: 22 March 2020 / Revised: 17 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
This article reports on the elements of adaptation to climate change in European Smart City initiatives in order to understand to what extent Smart Cities can be the answer in the fight against climate change. On the grounds of innovative efforts implemented in Barcelona, Rotterdam, and Vienna, we examine the opportunities and obstacles to both Smart Environment (defined as an axis of the Smart City) and adaptation to climate change, linking them together. As it is difficult to estimate the benefits of climate action in the short term due to often costly solutions, Smart City proposals could provide the economic incentive to create adaptive, energy-efficient, and sustainable societies. As the need for adaptive and resilient cities in the global context of climate change rises, the concept of Smart City might need to evolve into that of a Smart Sustainable City, positioning the environment at the core of its development. Results from this analysis suggest that the interaction between technology and nature can be enhanced when a Smart City approach promotes the integration of climate strategies and encourages the participation of citizens, something that is crucial since early adaptation efforts can safeguard smart infrastructure from climate impacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Smart Cities; climate change; adaptation; sustainability; environment Smart Cities; climate change; adaptation; sustainability; environment
MDPI and ACS Style

García Fernández, C.; Peek, D. Smart and Sustainable? Positioning Adaptation to Climate Change in the European Smart City. Smart Cities 2020, 3, 511-526. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020027

AMA Style

García Fernández C, Peek D. Smart and Sustainable? Positioning Adaptation to Climate Change in the European Smart City. Smart Cities. 2020; 3(2):511-526. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020027

Chicago/Turabian Style

García Fernández, Cristina, and Daniël Peek. 2020. "Smart and Sustainable? Positioning Adaptation to Climate Change in the European Smart City" Smart Cities 3, no. 2: 511-526. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020027

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