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Using Smart City Tools to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Low Emissions Zone in Spain: Madrid Central

by 1,† and 2,*,†
1
Institute for Global Law and Policy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
2
Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Smart Cities 2020, 3(2), 456-478; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020025
Received: 4 May 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mobility and IoT for the Smart Cities)
Population concentration in cities brings new risks as an increase in pollution, which causes urban health problems. In order to address this problem, traffic reduction measures are being implemented as pedestrianization areas; they are the definition of Low Emissions Zones (LEZs). When the effectiveness of these types of measures is in doubt, smart city tools provide data that can be used to scientifically asses their impact. This article analyzes the situation of Madrid Central (Spain), a LEZ subject to controversy. We apply statistical and regression analyses to evaluate the effectiveness of this measure to reduce air pollution and outdoor noise. According to the results, this LEZ was able to significantly reduce NO 2 , PM 2.5 , and PM 10 concentration locally, having the same positive impact in the rest of the city. In terms of noise, this measure was able to mitigate background noise levels generated by road traffic. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; noise pollution; low emissions zone; pedestrianization air pollution; noise pollution; low emissions zone; pedestrianization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lebrusán, I.; Toutouh, J. Using Smart City Tools to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Low Emissions Zone in Spain: Madrid Central. Smart Cities 2020, 3, 456-478. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020025

AMA Style

Lebrusán I, Toutouh J. Using Smart City Tools to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Low Emissions Zone in Spain: Madrid Central. Smart Cities. 2020; 3(2):456-478. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lebrusán, Irene, and Jamal Toutouh. 2020. "Using Smart City Tools to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Low Emissions Zone in Spain: Madrid Central" Smart Cities 3, no. 2: 456-478. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3020025

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