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A Study of the Interaction of Human Smart Characteristics with Demographic Dynamics and Built Environment: The Case of Limassol, Cyprus

1
Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol 3036, Cyprus
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ERATOSTHENES Centre of Excellence, Limassol 3036, Cyprus
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Smart Cities 2020, 3(1), 48-73; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3010004
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 13 February 2020 / Published: 17 February 2020
The smart city notion provides an integrated and systematic answer to challenges facing cities today. Smart city policy makers and technology vendors are increasingly stating their interest in human-centered smart cities. On the other hand, in many studies smart city policies bring forward a one-size-fits-all type of recommendation for all areas in question instead of location-specific ones. Based on the above considerations, this paper illustrates that smart citizen characteristics, alongside local urban challenges, are paving the way towards more effective efforts in smart city policy decision making. Our main presumption is that the development level of human-centered indicators of smart cities varies locally. The scientific objective of this paper is to find a simple, understandable link between human smart characteristics and local determinants in Limassol city, Cyprus. The data set consists of seven indicators defined as human smart characteristics and seven which determine local urban challenges consisting of demographic dynamics and built infrastructure attributes based on housing. Correlations of the 14 above indicators are examined in entirety and separately, as the study area was divided into three spatial sub-groups (high, moderate, and low coverage areas) depending on dispersed urbanization, as the main challenge of the study area. The data were obtained mainly from the most recent population census in 2011 and categorized in sub-groups by triggering CLC 2012. Analyzing the statistics using principal component analysis (PCA), we identify significant relationships between human smart city characteristics, demographic dynamics and built infrastructure attributes which can be used in local policy decision making. Spatial variations based on the dispersed urbanization are also observed regarding the above-mentioned relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: human-centered smart cities; dispersed urbanization; urban challenges; local determinants; urban planning; Limassol; Cyprus human-centered smart cities; dispersed urbanization; urban challenges; local determinants; urban planning; Limassol; Cyprus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alverti, M.N.; Themistocleous, K.; Kyriakidis, P.C.; Hadjimitsis, D.G. A Study of the Interaction of Human Smart Characteristics with Demographic Dynamics and Built Environment: The Case of Limassol, Cyprus. Smart Cities 2020, 3, 48-73. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3010004

AMA Style

Alverti MN, Themistocleous K, Kyriakidis PC, Hadjimitsis DG. A Study of the Interaction of Human Smart Characteristics with Demographic Dynamics and Built Environment: The Case of Limassol, Cyprus. Smart Cities. 2020; 3(1):48-73. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alverti, Maroula N., Kyriakos Themistocleous, Phaedon C. Kyriakidis, and Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis. 2020. "A Study of the Interaction of Human Smart Characteristics with Demographic Dynamics and Built Environment: The Case of Limassol, Cyprus" Smart Cities 3, no. 1: 48-73. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3010004

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