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Article

Internet of Spacecraft for Multi-Planetary Defense and Prosperity

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2, Canada
Academic Editor: Manuel Duarte Ortigueira
Signals 2022, 3(3), 428-467; https://doi.org/10.3390/signals3030026
Received: 10 May 2022 / Revised: 28 May 2022 / Accepted: 14 June 2022 / Published: 22 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internet of Things for Smart Planet: Present and Future)
Recent years have seen unprecedentedly fast-growing prosperity in the commercial space industry. Several privately funded aerospace manufacturers, such as Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX) and Blue Origin have transformed what we used to know about this capital-intense industry and gradually reshaped the future of human civilization. As private spaceflight and multi-planetary immigration gradually become realities from science fiction (sci-fi) and theory, both opportunities and challenges will be presented. In this article, we first review the progress in space exploration and the underlying space technologies. Next, we revisit the K-Pg extinction event and the Chelyabinsk event and predict extra-terrestrialization, terraformation, and planetary defense, including the emerging near-Earth object (NEO) observation and NEO impact avoidance technologies and strategies. Furthermore, a framework for the Solar Communication and Defense Networks (SCADN) with advanced algorithms and high efficacy is proposed to enable an Internet of distributed deep-space sensing, communications, and defense to cope with disastrous incidents such as asteroid/comet impacts. Furthermore, perspectives on the legislation, management, and supervision of founding the proposed SCADN are also discussed in depth. View Full-Text
Keywords: space exploration; Internet of spacecraft; extra-terrestrialization; multi-planetary civilization; near-Earth object (NEO); Internet of distributed deep-space sensing; solar communication and defense network (SCADN); multi-planetary defense; space edge computing; space edge artificial intelligence (AI); legislation space exploration; Internet of spacecraft; extra-terrestrialization; multi-planetary civilization; near-Earth object (NEO); Internet of distributed deep-space sensing; solar communication and defense network (SCADN); multi-planetary defense; space edge computing; space edge artificial intelligence (AI); legislation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huo, Y. Internet of Spacecraft for Multi-Planetary Defense and Prosperity. Signals 2022, 3, 428-467. https://doi.org/10.3390/signals3030026

AMA Style

Huo Y. Internet of Spacecraft for Multi-Planetary Defense and Prosperity. Signals. 2022; 3(3):428-467. https://doi.org/10.3390/signals3030026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huo, Yiming. 2022. "Internet of Spacecraft for Multi-Planetary Defense and Prosperity" Signals 3, no. 3: 428-467. https://doi.org/10.3390/signals3030026

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