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Does Irritable Bowel Syndrome Exist? Identifiable and Treatable Causes of Associated Symptoms Suggest It May Not

BCNH College of Nutrition and Health, London NW3 5HT, UK
Gastrointest. Disord. 2019, 1(3), 314-340; https://doi.org/10.3390/gidisord1030027
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 10 July 2019 / Accepted: 11 July 2019 / Published: 18 July 2019
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Abstract

Significant shortcomings in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) diagnosis and treatment may arise from IBS being an “umbrella” diagnosis that clusters several underlying identifiable and treatable causes for the same symptom presentation into one classification. This view is compatible with the emerging understanding that the pathophysiology of IBS is heterogeneous with varied disease mechanisms responsible for the central pathological features. Collectively, these converging views of the pathophysiology, assessment and management of IBS render the traditional diagnosis and treatment of IBS less relevant; in fact, they suggest that IBS is not a disease entity per se and posit the question “does IBS exist?” The aim of this narrative review is to explore identifiable and treatable causes of digestive symptoms, including lifestyle, environmental and nutritional factors, as well as underlying functional imbalances, that may be misinterpreted as being IBS. View Full-Text
Keywords: irritable bowel syndrome; lifestyle medicine; environmental medicine; nutrition irritable bowel syndrome; lifestyle medicine; environmental medicine; nutrition
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Brown, B.I. Does Irritable Bowel Syndrome Exist? Identifiable and Treatable Causes of Associated Symptoms Suggest It May Not. Gastrointest. Disord. 2019, 1, 314-340.

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