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Auditory Countermeasures for Sleep Inertia: Exploring the Effect of Melody and Rhythm in an Ecological Context

1
School of Media and Communication, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
2
School of Design, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Clocks & Sleep 2020, 2(2), 208-224; https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep2020017
Received: 27 March 2020 / Revised: 27 May 2020 / Accepted: 27 May 2020 / Published: 29 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Human Basic Research & Neuroimaging)
Sleep inertia is a decline in cognition one may experience upon and following awakening. A recent study revealed that an alarm sound perceived as melodic by participants displayed a significant relationship to reports of reductions in perceived sleep inertia. This current research builds on these findings by testing the effect melody and rhythm exhibit on sleep inertia for subjects awakening in their habitual environments. Two test Groups (A and B; N = 10 each) completed an online psychomotor experiment and questionnaire in two separate test sessions immediately following awakening from nocturnal sleep. Both groups responded to a control stimulus in the first session, while in the second session, Group A experienced a melodic treatment, and Group B a rhythmic treatment. The results show that the melodic treatment significantly decreased attentional lapses, false starts, and had a significantly improved psychomotor vigilance test (PVT) performance score than the control. There was no significant result for reaction time or response speed. Additionally, no significant difference was observed for all PVT metrics between the control–rhythmic conditions. The results from this analysis support melodies’ potential to counteract symptoms of sleep inertia by the observed increase in participant vigilance following waking from nocturnal sleep. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep inertia; auditory perception; sustained attention; human performance; alarm tones; music; melody; rhythm sleep inertia; auditory perception; sustained attention; human performance; alarm tones; music; melody; rhythm
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MDPI and ACS Style

McFarlane, S.J.; Garcia, J.E.; Verhagen, D.S.; Dyer, A.G. Auditory Countermeasures for Sleep Inertia: Exploring the Effect of Melody and Rhythm in an Ecological Context. Clocks & Sleep 2020, 2, 208-224. https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep2020017

AMA Style

McFarlane SJ, Garcia JE, Verhagen DS, Dyer AG. Auditory Countermeasures for Sleep Inertia: Exploring the Effect of Melody and Rhythm in an Ecological Context. Clocks & Sleep. 2020; 2(2):208-224. https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep2020017

Chicago/Turabian Style

McFarlane, Stuart J., Jair E. Garcia, Darrin S. Verhagen, and Adrian G. Dyer. 2020. "Auditory Countermeasures for Sleep Inertia: Exploring the Effect of Melody and Rhythm in an Ecological Context" Clocks & Sleep 2, no. 2: 208-224. https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep2020017

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