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Open AccessArticle

First Assessment of the Thryssa vitrirostris (Engraulidae) Beach Seine Fishery in Northeastern Mozambique

1
Centro de Ciências do Mar, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
2
Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
3
Instituto Nacional de Investigação Pesqueira (IIP)—Delegação da Zambézia, Maputo CP 4603, Mozambique
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J 2018, 1(1), 116-132; https://doi.org/10.3390/j1010012
Received: 20 September 2018 / Revised: 9 October 2018 / Accepted: 11 October 2018 / Published: 15 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for J-Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal)
Monthly length-frequency data, from 2009 to 2014, was used to estimate the growth parameters, mortality, and spawning season, and to assess the exploitation status of Thryssa vitrirostris (Engraulidae) fisheries in Pebane. The von Bertalanffy asymptotic length (L) and growth rate (K) were 25.1 cm (standard length) and 0.41 per year (standard length), respectively. Two proxy recruitment peaks were found: the first peak of recruitment occurs from April to July, and the second recruitment peak from September to October. The total estimated mortality rates (Z), natural mortality (M), and fishing mortality (F) were Z = 1.31, M = 0.92, and F = 0.39. For the beach seine gear, the size at first catch of T. vitrirostris was Lc25 = 4.43 cm. The 50% retention size of the catch was Lc50 = 5.39 cm. The retention probability analyses revealed a large rate of juvenile fishing mortality (54.2%). The estimated exploitation rate (0.30) was below the maximum exploitation rate (0.48), and above the optimal sustainable exploitation rate (E50 = 0.28), evidencing a sustainable fishery. However, under such an exploitation regime, it is advised that a continuously monitoring-survey of T. vitrirostris is maintained. An increase in migration of fishermen has been recently recorded in Pebane, due to its rich fisheries, which can increase the fishing effort and the risk of overexploitation if management measures (such as mesh size increase) are not taken in advance. View Full-Text
Keywords: beach seine; growth parameters; yield-per-recruitment; biomass-per-recruitment; fishing mortality; recruitment trends beach seine; growth parameters; yield-per-recruitment; biomass-per-recruitment; fishing mortality; recruitment trends
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Manuessa, B.; Morais, E.; Cerveira Borges, T.; Teodósio, M.A.; Leitão, F. First Assessment of the Thryssa vitrirostris (Engraulidae) Beach Seine Fishery in Northeastern Mozambique. J 2018, 1, 116-132.

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