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Biogas Cleaning: Activated Carbon Regeneration for H2S Removal

Department of Energy (DENERG), Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129 Turin, Italy
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Clean Technol. 2019, 1(1), 40-57; https://doi.org/10.3390/cleantechnol1010004
Received: 5 March 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
The coupling of fuel cell technology with wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is within the sustainable development imperative for the integration of energy production purposes and recovery of materials, even if research is still under development in this field. The anaerobic digestion process can be used for fuel cell feeding, only if trace contaminants are removed continuously. The most harmful and frequent contaminant is H2S. This article shows the results of H2S adsorption on activated carbon fixed-beds (dry process), since it is one of the best solutions from both the complexity and costs perspectives. Inside the wide range of commercial activated carbons, a specific commercial carbon has been used in test campaigns, since it is also used in the Società Metropolitana Acque Torino (SMAT) real plant. Thermal regeneration of spent carbons was exploited, using different conditions of temperature, treatment time and atmosphere, since it is a better cost-effective and environmentally sound option than immediate carbon disposal after adsorption. Regeneration with CO2 showed the best regeneration ratio values. In particular, the best conditions achieved were 300 °C and 75 min of thermal treatment time, with a regeneration ratio of 30%. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) energy generation; biogas; siloxane; H2S; carbon; regeneration; CO2 solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) energy generation; biogas; siloxane; H2S; carbon; regeneration; CO2
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Coppola, G.; Papurello, D. Biogas Cleaning: Activated Carbon Regeneration for H2S Removal. Clean Technol. 2019, 1, 40-57.

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