Next Article in Journal
The Role of Pro-Adrenomedullin as a Marker of Severe Bacterial Infection in Children: A Review
Previous Article in Journal
New Deletions in the Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome Type 5 Gene in a Japanese Patient
Open AccessArticle

Cannabis and Tramadol are Prevalent among the First Episode Drug-Induced Psychosis in the Egyptian Population: Single Center Experience

1
Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
2
Institut für Rechtsmedizin und Verkehrsmedizin, UniversistätsKlinikum, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
3
Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Reports 2019, 2(2), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/reports2020016
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 14 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(1) Background: Cannabis and tramadol are featuring prominently in Egypt; however, their prevalence in first episode psychosis is still uncertain. We aimed at determining the prevalence of cannabis and tramadol among the first-psychotic episode in Egyptian inpatients and to compare the demographic and psychopathological profiles of substance abusers versus patients with the comorbid diagnosis. (2) Methods: Patients presented with psychotic episode and admitted to Mansoura Psychiatric Department were recruited. Diagnosis of psychiatric illness and drug/substance use was carried out using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual- Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. Standard urine tests and thin layer chromatography were performed to detect cannabis and tramadol. (3) Results: Of the 100 subjects in the study, the majority (55.6%) of patients were cannabis-only positive. Overall, cannabis-alone showed the highest frequency of substance used among the currently diagnosed psychotic disorders. According to urine tests, cannabis demonstrates the higher frequency of intake in both studied groups. 66.7% of the studied population had 1–5 years self-reported histories of substance abuse predating the first psychotic episode. (4) Conclusions: The percentage of cannabis and tramadol among the first episode psychotic patients has been unexpectedly high and the standard urine testing should be considered in emergency and mental health facilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: prevalence; drug abuse; psychosis; psychotic-spectrum disorders; cannabis; tramadol; first-psychotic episode; first episode drug-induced psychosis prevalence; drug abuse; psychosis; psychotic-spectrum disorders; cannabis; tramadol; first-psychotic episode; first episode drug-induced psychosis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Taha, M.; Taalab, Y.M.; Abo-Elez, W.F.; Eldakroory, S.A. Cannabis and Tramadol are Prevalent among the First Episode Drug-Induced Psychosis in the Egyptian Population: Single Center Experience. Reports 2019, 2, 16.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop