Next Article in Journal
Combining the Monthly Drought Code and Paleoecological Data to Assess Holocene Climate Impact on Mediterranean Fire Regime
Previous Article in Journal
Fire-Environment Analysis: An Example of Army Garrison Camp Williams, Utah
Open AccessArticle

Decomposing the Interactions between Fire Severity and Canopy Fuel Structure Using Multi-Temporal, Active, and Passive Remote Sensing Approaches

1
USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
2
USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, New Lisbon, NJ 15401, USA
3
Department of Geology and Geography, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26505-6300, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 January 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 7 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
Within the realms of both wildland and prescribed fire, an understanding of how fire severity and forest structure interact is critical for improving fuels treatment effectiveness, quantifying the ramifications of wildfires, and improving fire behavior modeling. We integrated high resolution estimates of fire severity with multi-temporal airborne laser scanning data to examine the role that various fuel loading, canopy shape, and other variables had on predicting fire severity for a complex of prescribed fires and one wildfire and how three-dimensional fuels changed as a result of these fires. Fuel loading characteristics were widely variable, and fires were ignited using a several techniques (heading, flanking, and backing), leading to a large amount of variability in fire behavior and subsequent fire effects. Through our analysis, we found that fire severity was linked explicitly to pre-fire fuel loading and structure, particularly in the three-dimensional distribution of fuels. Fire severity was also correlated with post-fire fuel loading, forest structural heterogeneity, and shifted the diversity and abundance of canopy classes within the landscape. This work demonstrates that the vertical distribution of fuel is an important factor and that subtle difference has defined effects on fire behavior and severity. View Full-Text
Keywords: light detection and ranging; fire severity; canopy fuel loading light detection and ranging; fire severity; canopy fuel loading
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Skowronski, N.S.; Gallagher, M.R.; Warner, T.A. Decomposing the Interactions between Fire Severity and Canopy Fuel Structure Using Multi-Temporal, Active, and Passive Remote Sensing Approaches. Fire 2020, 3, 7.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop