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Open AccessCase Report

The Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment: An Early Operation to Relate Pre-, Active, and Post-Fire Field and Remotely Sensed Measurements

1
USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Moscow, ID 83843, USA
2
USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula, MT 59808, USA
3
Center for Imaging Science, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
4
Center for Landscape Fire Analysis, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
5
USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Riverside, CA 96002, USA
6
Department of Forest, Rangeland and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 January 2018 / Revised: 12 March 2018 / Accepted: 21 March 2018 / Published: 29 March 2018
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Abstract

The Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment conducted by fire scientists in 2003 was a burnout operation supported by a fire suppression crew on the active Cooney Ridge wildfire incident. The fire experiment included measurements of pre-fire fuels, active fire behavior, and immediate post-fire effects. Heat flux measurements collected at multiple scales with multiple ground and remote sensors illustrate the spatial and temporal complexity of the fire progression in relation to fuels and fire effects. We demonstrate how calculating cumulative heat release can provide a physically based estimate of fuel consumption that is indicative of fire effects. A map of cumulative heat release complements estimates of ground cover constituents derived from post-fire hyperspectral imagery for mapping immediate post-fire ground cover measures of litter and mineral soil. We also present one-year and 10-year post-fire measurements of overstory, understory, and surface conditions in a longer-term assessment of site recovery. At the time, the Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment exposed several limitations of current state-of-science fire measurement methods, many of which persist in wildfire and prescribed fire studies to this day. This Case Report documents an important milestone in relating multiple spatiotemporal measurements of pre-fire, active fire, and post-fire phenomena both on the ground and remotely. View Full-Text
Keywords: consumption; fire effects; fire radiant energy; fire radiant flux; fuel; hyperspectral; long-wave infrared; middle infrared; remote sensing; spectral mixture analysis consumption; fire effects; fire radiant energy; fire radiant flux; fuel; hyperspectral; long-wave infrared; middle infrared; remote sensing; spectral mixture analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hudak, A.T.; Freeborn, P.H.; Lewis, S.A.; Hood, S.M.; Smith, H.Y.; Hardy, C.C.; Kremens, R.J.; Butler, B.W.; Teske, C.; Tissell, R.G.; Queen, L.P.; Nordgren, B.L.; Bright, B.C.; Morgan, P.; Riggan, P.J.; Macholz, L.; Lentile, L.B.; Riddering, J.P.; Mathews, E.E. The Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment: An Early Operation to Relate Pre-, Active, and Post-Fire Field and Remotely Sensed Measurements. Fire 2018, 1, 10.

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