With the advent of the new information technologies, the power communication service object is continuously enhanced by the modernization level of the switches architecture designed in the substation automation environment. In the futuristic plan, the communication network not only provides a transmission line between devices, but also takes into account the reliability and efficiency of the power system communication network. Many protocols are used for the provision of faster and more robust communication among control centers, Remote Terminal Units (RTUs) and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs). These protocols support the exchange of a wide range of possible common data that is organized by a DATA-SET, such as in synchronized circuit breaker switching, distance protection and overcurrent protection. However, these protocols do not give the expected performance with standard switches architectures due to the remarkable traffic in power system communication. To address this issue, this paper modelled a substation automation switch based on the packet forwarder technique based on Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE) protocol with different architectures of substation automation switches based International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61850 standard. Finally, the simulations results found that the architecture of the four-switch system showed a significant performance, as compared with other architectures.
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