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Article

Neanderthal Fossils, Mobile Toolkit and a Hyena Den: The Archaeological Assemblage of Lateral Gallery 1 in Cova Del Gegant (NE Iberian Peninsula)

1
Grup de Recerca del Quaternari (GRQ-SERP), Departament d’Història i Arqueologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Carrer Montalegre 6, 08001 Barcelona, Spain
2
Departament d’Història i Història de l’Art, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona, Spain
3
Institut Català de Palaeoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES-CERCA), Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3), Zona Educacional 4, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
4
Institut Català de Palaeontologia Miquel Crusafont, Campus de la UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Rita Palombo
Quaternary 2022, 5(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/quat5010012
Received: 26 July 2021 / Revised: 24 December 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2022 / Published: 18 February 2022
Lateral Gallery 1 (GL1) in Cova del Gegant is a Middle Palaeolithic assemblage yielding diagnostic Neanderthal remains, together with Mousterian tools and faunal remains. It is a good archive for evaluating the environmental conditions of the coastal areas during MIS 4 and MIS 3 in the NE of the Iberian Peninsula, and also the Neanderthals’ behaviour and mobility. Here we provide a comprehensive assessment of all of the data available from GL1, such as lithics, human remains, fauna and chronostratigraphic details. The biotic ecofacts studied point to the development of a coastal plain in front of the cave and indicate that local conditions likely favoured a large variety of ecosystems characterised by open environments and woodland-edge taxa, and favoured repeated visits by humans during the Middle Palaeolithic. The evidence suggests that the gallery was mainly used by carnivores, such as hyenas, and also by Neanderthals as a brief stopping place, in view of the presence of transported and abandoned ergonomic lithic artifacts and/or the placement of bodies (or parts of bodies). The regional context suggests high human mobility and emphasises the variability of Neanderthal behaviour. View Full-Text
Keywords: late Pleistocene; Neanderthals; palaeoenvironment; NE Iberian Peninsula; hyena late Pleistocene; Neanderthals; palaeoenvironment; NE Iberian Peninsula; hyena
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MDPI and ACS Style

Daura, J.; Sanz, M.; Vaquero, M.; López-García, J.M.; Blain, H.-A.; Marco, A.S. Neanderthal Fossils, Mobile Toolkit and a Hyena Den: The Archaeological Assemblage of Lateral Gallery 1 in Cova Del Gegant (NE Iberian Peninsula). Quaternary 2022, 5, 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/quat5010012

AMA Style

Daura J, Sanz M, Vaquero M, López-García JM, Blain H-A, Marco AS. Neanderthal Fossils, Mobile Toolkit and a Hyena Den: The Archaeological Assemblage of Lateral Gallery 1 in Cova Del Gegant (NE Iberian Peninsula). Quaternary. 2022; 5(1):12. https://doi.org/10.3390/quat5010012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Daura, Joan, Montserrat Sanz, Manuel Vaquero, Juan Manuel López-García, Hugues-Alexandre Blain, and Antonio Sánchez Marco. 2022. "Neanderthal Fossils, Mobile Toolkit and a Hyena Den: The Archaeological Assemblage of Lateral Gallery 1 in Cova Del Gegant (NE Iberian Peninsula)" Quaternary 5, no. 1: 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/quat5010012

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