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Article

The Preliminary Analysis of Cave Lion Cubs Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810) from the Permafrost of Siberia

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Diamond and Precious Metals Geology Institute, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 39 Prospect Lenina, 677980 Yakutsk, Russia
2
Academy of Sciences of Sakha Republic, Lenin Avenue 33, 677007 Yakutsk, Russia
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Zoological Institute, RAS, 1 Universitetskaya Embankment, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia
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MMSH, LAMPEA UMR 7269 CNRS, Aix Marseille Université, 5 rue du Château de l’Horloge, BP 647, CEDEX 2, 13094 Aix-en-Provence, France
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Centre for Palaeogenetics, Svante Arrhenius väg 20C, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
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Department of Bioinformatics and Genetics, Swedish Museum of Natural History, 11418 Stockholm, Sweden
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School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK
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Institute for High-Dimensional Medical Imaging, School of Medicine, Jikei University, Tokyo 105-8461, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Rita Palombo
Quaternary 2021, 4(3), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/quat4030024
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 12 July 2021 / Accepted: 22 July 2021 / Published: 4 August 2021
A preliminary description is presented of the well-preserved frozen mummies of two cubs of the extinct cave lion Panthera spelaea (finds of 2017–2018, Semyuelyakh River, Yakutia, eastern Siberia, Russia). The fossil lion cubs were found in close proximity, but they do not belong to the same litter, since their radiocarbon ages differ: the female (named ‘Sparta’) was dated to 27,962 ± 109 uncal years BP, and the male (named ‘Boris’) was dated to 43,448 ± 389 uncal years BP. The lion cubs have similar individual ages, 1–2 months. The general tone of the colour of the fur coat of Sparta is greyish to light brown, whereas, in Boris, the fur is generally lighter, greyish yellowish. It is, therefore, possible that light colouration prevailed with age in cave lions and was adaptive for northern snow-covered landscapes. The article discusses the results of computed tomography of cubs of the cave lion, the possible reasons for their death, and the peculiarities of their existence in the Siberian Arctic. View Full-Text
Keywords: cave lion; Panthera spelaea; cubs; morphological description; radiocarbon dating; Siberia cave lion; Panthera spelaea; cubs; morphological description; radiocarbon dating; Siberia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boeskorov, G.G.; Plotnikov, V.V.; Protopopov, A.V.; Baryshnikov, G.F.; Fosse, P.; Dalén, L.; Stanton, D.W.G.; Pavlov, I.S.; Suzuki, N.; Tikhonov, A.N. The Preliminary Analysis of Cave Lion Cubs Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810) from the Permafrost of Siberia. Quaternary 2021, 4, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/quat4030024

AMA Style

Boeskorov GG, Plotnikov VV, Protopopov AV, Baryshnikov GF, Fosse P, Dalén L, Stanton DWG, Pavlov IS, Suzuki N, Tikhonov AN. The Preliminary Analysis of Cave Lion Cubs Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810) from the Permafrost of Siberia. Quaternary. 2021; 4(3):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/quat4030024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boeskorov, Gennady G., Valery V. Plotnikov, Albert V. Protopopov, Gennady F. Baryshnikov, Philippe Fosse, Love Dalén, David W. G. Stanton, Innokenty S. Pavlov, Naoki Suzuki, and Alexey N. Tikhonov. 2021. "The Preliminary Analysis of Cave Lion Cubs Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810) from the Permafrost of Siberia" Quaternary 4, no. 3: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/quat4030024

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