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Quaternary 2018, 1(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/quat1010007

Deciduous Tusks and Small Permanent Tusks of the Woolly Mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799) Found on Beaches in The Netherlands

1
Natural History Museum Rotterdam, 3015 AA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2
Independent Researcher, 2726 CP Zoetermeer, The Netherlands
3
Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville, TN 37902, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Rita Palombo
Received: 25 March 2018 / Revised: 21 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 28 May 2018
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Abstract

Tusks of very young mammoths and other proboscideans are extremely rare in the fossil record. This article presents all deciduous tusks and newly-developing permanent tusks of woolly mammoths which are known from Dutch localities and the North Sea. Four deciduous tusks are from The Netherlands and one is from Germany. Five specimens of newly-developing permanent tusks are also discussed. In this article, we present several characteristics and details of those tusks such as presence/absence of roots, and cementum and enamel layers that should facilitate an identification when new findings are made. We also describe a dental element, a digitelle, that is easily mistaken for a tusk of a juvenile woolly mammoth. View Full-Text
Keywords: proboscideans; dentition; milk tusk and permanent tusks; digitelle; North Sea; Maasvlakte; Zandmotor; Rockanje proboscideans; dentition; milk tusk and permanent tusks; digitelle; North Sea; Maasvlakte; Zandmotor; Rockanje
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mol, D.; Bijkerk, A.; Ballard, J.P. Deciduous Tusks and Small Permanent Tusks of the Woolly Mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach, 1799) Found on Beaches in The Netherlands. Quaternary 2018, 1, 7.

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