Multi-Target Inhibition of Cancer Cell Growth by SiRNA Cocktails and 5-Fluorouracil Using Effective Piperidine-Terminated Phosphorus Dendrimers
AbstractCurrently, RNAi based approaches for cancer treatment involving short double stranded RNA molecules (siRNA) are under vigorous scrutinization. Due to numerous biological obstacles, siRNA delivery into target cells requires protective escort. On the other hand, combining of siRNA-mediated gene silencing and action of conventional chemotherapeutics can propose additional enhancement of anticancer activity. In the present study, we investigated a siRNA cocktail able to downregulate anti-apoptotic genes (BCL-xL, BCL-2, MCL-1) and the chemotherapeutic agent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) to evaluate multi-target cytotoxic effect on human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa cell line). Novel phosphorus containing dendrimers of 3rd and 4th generations (namely AE2G3 and AE2G4) with voluminous piperidine terminal cationic groups were designed and tested as siRNA carriers. Dendrimers of both generations showed remarkable ability to bind pro-apoptotic siRNAs and provided 80–100% siRNA uptake by HeLa cells in the serum containing medium, while the widespread transfection agent Lipofectamine showed only ~40% uptake. SiRNA cocktail (in low concentrations 50 and 100 nM) delivered by AE2G3 dendrimer caused almost complete elimination of cancer cells. We have discovered considerable increase of 5-FU cytotoxic effect by addition of AE2G3/siRNA cocktail complexes in low doses. Thus, we demonstrated the effectiveness of combined multi-target siRNA anticancer approach and described new highly effective serum stable nanomaterial vehicle for gene-based drugs. View Full-Text
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Ihnatsyeu-Kachan, A.; Dzmitruk, V.; Apartsin, E.; Krasheninina, O.; Ionov, M.; Loznikova, S.; Venyaminova, A.; Miłowska, K.; Shcharbin, D.; Mignani, S.; Muñoz-Fernández, M.A.; Majoral, J.-P.; Bryszewska, M. Multi-Target Inhibition of Cancer Cell Growth by SiRNA Cocktails and 5-Fluorouracil Using Effective Piperidine-Terminated Phosphorus Dendrimers. Colloids Interfaces 2017, 1, 6.
Ihnatsyeu-Kachan A, Dzmitruk V, Apartsin E, Krasheninina O, Ionov M, Loznikova S, Venyaminova A, Miłowska K, Shcharbin D, Mignani S, Muñoz-Fernández MA, Majoral J-P, Bryszewska M. Multi-Target Inhibition of Cancer Cell Growth by SiRNA Cocktails and 5-Fluorouracil Using Effective Piperidine-Terminated Phosphorus Dendrimers. Colloids and Interfaces. 2017; 1(1):6.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ihnatsyeu-Kachan, Aliaksei; Dzmitruk, Volha; Apartsin, Evgeny; Krasheninina, Olga; Ionov, Maksim; Loznikova, Svetlana; Venyaminova, Alya; Miłowska, Katarzyna; Shcharbin, Dzmitry; Mignani, Serge; Muñoz-Fernández, Maria A.; Majoral, Jean-Pierre; Bryszewska, Maria. 2017. "Multi-Target Inhibition of Cancer Cell Growth by SiRNA Cocktails and 5-Fluorouracil Using Effective Piperidine-Terminated Phosphorus Dendrimers." Colloids Interfaces 1, no. 1: 6.
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