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Effect of Cellulose Reducing Ends on the Reinforcing Capacity of Powdered Cellulose in Polypropylene Composites

Composite Materials and Engineering Center, Voiland College of Engineering and Architecture, Washington State University, P.O. Box 645815, Pullman, WA 99164-5815, USA
Wood Tech. Center, Division of Environmental & Renewable Resources, College of Agriculture and Technology, State University of New York, P.O. Box 901, Morrisville, NY 13408, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Compos. Sci. 2019, 3(4), 98;
Received: 8 September 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 6 November 2019 / Published: 9 November 2019
Powdered cellulose-reinforced (20 wt%) polypropylene composites were prepared by melt compounding and subsequent injection moldings. We assessed the effect of cellulose reducing ends on the capacity of powdered cellulose to reinforce polypropylene composites after seven days exposure to air circulation during the conditioning of samples. Tensile tests on the composites were performed at 5.08 mm/min. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed some changes that occurred within the composites by demonstrating a practical decrease in –C=O (1744 cm−1) absorption band intensity. A thermogravimetric analysis indicated differences within the thermal behavior of the prepared composites, showing a higher onset of degradation. Scanning electron microscopy of the fracture areas, together with load–extension curves, further characterized the development of interfacial cellulose/matrix adhesion as well as the brittle and ductile behavior of the composites. The results indicate that the thermal and tensile properties of powdered cellulose/polypropylene are improved by decreasing the amount of cellulose reducing ends in the system. View Full-Text
Keywords: powdered cellulose; reducing ends; polypropylene; reinforcement powdered cellulose; reducing ends; polypropylene; reinforcement
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Azadfar, M.; Graham, M.R.; Wolcott, M.P. Effect of Cellulose Reducing Ends on the Reinforcing Capacity of Powdered Cellulose in Polypropylene Composites. J. Compos. Sci. 2019, 3, 98.

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