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Open AccessArticle

Pattern Recognition in Multivariate Time Series: Towards an Automated Event Detection Method for Smart Manufacturing Systems

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Wbk Institute of Production Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Kaiserstr. 12, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
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Benjamin M. Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resource, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2020, 4(3), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4030088
Received: 4 August 2020 / Revised: 29 August 2020 / Accepted: 2 September 2020 / Published: 5 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue AI Applications in Smart and Advanced Manufacturing)
This paper presents a framework to utilize multivariate time series data to automatically identify reoccurring events, e.g., resembling failure patterns in real-world manufacturing data by combining selected data mining techniques. The use case revolves around the auxiliary polymer manufacturing process of drying and feeding plastic granulate to extrusion or injection molding machines. The overall framework presented in this paper includes a comparison of two different approaches towards the identification of unique patterns in the real-world industrial data set. The first approach uses a subsequent heuristic segmentation and clustering approach, the second branch features a collaborative method with a built-in time dependency structure at its core (TICC). Both alternatives have been facilitated by a standard principle component analysis PCA (feature fusion) and a hyperparameter optimization (TPE) approach. The performance of the corresponding approaches was evaluated through established and commonly accepted metrics in the field of (unsupervised) machine learning. The results suggest the existence of several common failure sources (patterns) for the machine. Insights such as these automatically detected events can be harnessed to develop an advanced monitoring method to predict upcoming failures, ultimately reducing unplanned machine downtime in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart manufacturing; Industry 4.0; polymer processing; polymer manufacturing; smart maintenance; unsupervised learning; segmentation; clustering; time series analysis smart manufacturing; Industry 4.0; polymer processing; polymer manufacturing; smart maintenance; unsupervised learning; segmentation; clustering; time series analysis
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Kapp, V.; May, M.C.; Lanza, G.; Wuest, T. Pattern Recognition in Multivariate Time Series: Towards an Automated Event Detection Method for Smart Manufacturing Systems. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2020, 4, 88.

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